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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎82r] (168/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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m
To
do
iiis Excellency Sheikh Ivhazal IQian, 3ardar~i-Arfa,
Sheikh of Mohainmerah,
Dated Mo’naianerah, May 16th, 1909.
.After the usual compliments,
On the 1st December 1908 I have the honour by the
direction of His Majesty's Government to repeat to Your
Excellency the assurances given you on behalf of Government by
His Excellency Sir Arthur Ilardinge, British Minister at Tehran,
in his letter of 7th December 1902 to your address, and to
inform you that the British Government were now prepared to
extend those assurances to your successors.
I was further directed to explain to you that the
British Government had engaged to respect the integrity and
independence of Persia and that that undertaking in itself
involved the maintenance of the status quo in Persia, and thus
included the continuance of the same state of autonomy which
Your Excellency at present enjoys.
I was then to point out that it followed from the
above that any external aggression upon Your Excellency would
constitute an act of infringement of that Persian integrity
which has received recognition in the Anglo-Iiussian Convention.
While expressing your thanks for these amplified
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assurances

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Content

The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎82r] (168/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030522023.0x0000a9> [accessed 14 June 2024]

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