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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎153r] (310/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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[ Confidential.]
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No. 1391, dated Bushire, the 10th (received 18th) May 1908.
From— Captain A. P. Trevor, First Assistant Resident, In charge current duties,
To— S. H. Butler, Esq., C.I.E., Secretary to the Government of India in the
Foreign Department, Simla.
I have the honour to forward, for the information of the Government of
No. 13, dated the 24th April i9 o8. India > a C0 Py of the communication
marginally noted, addressed by His
Majesty’s Consul, Mohammerah, to His Majesty’s Chargd d’Affaires, Tehran,
regarding the agreement arrived at between the Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa and the Bakhtyari
Khans affecting the safety of the Ahwaz-Ispahan Road and its neighbourhood.
British Consulate ;
Mohammerah, April 24th, 1008 1
No. 13.
Sir,
I have the honour to report that the Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa went to Wais to meet the
Bakhtyari Khans; owing to illness he was unable to remain and Salar Arfa,
Shahab-es-Sultaneh and Sarim-ul-Mulk returned to Mohammerah with him on
the 14th April and left on the 21st. On that day they called on me with Haji
Rais Tujjar to represent the Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa who was unable to come ashore owing
to the abscess he is suffering from. They informed me that they had now
conferred with the Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa and made friends with him ’and made a formal
written alliance with him that in future they are to act together and their
respective tribesmen must obey the Chief of the district, Arab or Bakhtyari, in
which they happen to be. They are to act together in loyal service to the
Government and people of Persia as long as there is no interference with the
various concessions held by them respectively or increase in the taxes demanded;
but if such interference or alteration in taxes is made they will act as one in
resisting it. They hope that this agreement will tend to render the country and
especially the Ispahan road perpetually safe. Haji Rais Tujjar confirmed this
and both parties called on me to witness that they had made this agreement
and in the event of any dispute occurring between them they asked that we
should enquire and on finding out with whom the fault lay advise that party
that he was in the wrong.
The Salar Arfa said that the Legation had on several occasions advised
them to make friends with the Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa, and now that they had done so, they
hoped that the Legation might be able to give them a certain increased amount
of support in Tehran.
I said that I was very glad to hear that they had made friends which should
tend to increased security for trade in these districts, that I would report the
matter to His Majesty’s Legation, and Consul-General Bushire, and that I would
be glad to assist by advice in preventing any disagreement between them. It
had appeared t<3 me that there had been a difficulty in arranging matters before
owing to the Khans themselves not always acting together. Both the Salar
Arfa and the Shahab-es-Sultaneh assured me that there was no likelihood of
any differences between them in future and that the Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa will use his
influence to prevent any differences between them.
Copy sent to His Majesty’s Consul-General, Bushire, and His Majesty s
Vice-Consul, Ahwaz.
I have, etc.,
W. McDOUALL,
His Britannic Majesty's Consul, Mohammerah,
C. M. Marling, Esq.,
His Britannic Majesty’s Chargd d’Affaires,
Tehran.

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Content

The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎153r] (310/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030522024.0x00006f> [accessed 24 June 2024]

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