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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎171r] (346/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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t,o me more than probable that the task of governing thoce
rsrtr, of Per si a, nominal ly directly e/ininirtered fro.ji Tehren,
will ro tax bn© energies of the Mlnirtorr that they will be
h-cu.-a to
onxy toe glad not toterfere whsr^jv^r tlier? it: a
local aucdiority capable of ia 0 .intaliiing a reasonable decree
or order. In these circumstances I am inclined to think the Sbeikl of Moham-ierah may consider hie position as
fairly roll assured for a good many years to come without
ony special guarantees from us, and it is for the 3akfctlari®
to secure thesis-elver in like lornuer ly out ing their house
in order and giving no pretext for attempted interference
in their affairs from Tehran.
In ©njr case I presume that we can scarcely make any
reply sued: as would encourage the lakrtiari Ilians and Sheiltb
khazzal to Relieve that we favour any agreement between them
aimed at their eventual indcrendcnce. Such a step would
scarcely be in ac or dance with the ^ nirit of cur recent
underteking to respect the integrity of Persia.
As regards the second point, i.e. the apprehension of
attack from the Turks, I understand from your Per patch ko. 21
(6428) ox February 36th last, that His Majesty’s tove n ent
consider our interests in South WC’dtern Persia ere of suffi-
ciont importance to worranb us in toking steps- to prs-vent
any serious disturbance of ttw status quo, end I venture to
uLixitk. that some general asrurences of this nature would suf
fice to alley local an rcbenrion. Such assurances could
not be resented by the Fereian Govern ent, nor do I believe
that Russia, to judge from her present attitude, wou._d take
any exception to them.
They would also, it seams to me, be sufficient to banish
Sheikh. IQiazml • r, temptation to look towards the Oeruans
re/o: er tmanf to ourselves ; a contingency which Major Cox

About this item


The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎171r] (346/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 24 June 2024]

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