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File 345/1908 Pt 2 'Mohammerah: situation. Sheikh's dispute with the Vali of Basra. decoration for Sheikh. renewed assurances to Sheikh.' [‎29r] (62/566)

The record is made up of 1 volume (281 folios). It was created in 1910-1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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[This Document is the Property of His- Britannic Majesty's Government.]
V
PERSIA.
CONFIDENTIAL.
[June 27.]
Section 3 .
[ 22869 ]
No. 1.
Sir G. Lowther to Sir Edward Grey.—(Received June 27.)
(No. 402.) '
Si r > Constantinople, June 21, 1910.
WITH reference to my telegram No. 109 of the 10th instant, I have the honour
to foi ward herewith a despatch from His Majesty s consul at Bussorah on the subject of
the dispute between the Turks and the Sheikh of Mohammerah.
I have, &c.
GERARD LOWTHER.
Enclosure 1 in No. 1.
Consul Crow to Sir G. Lowther.
(No. 32.)
Sir, ^ Bussorah, May 28, 1910.
WITH reference to your Excellency’s telegram of the 26th May communicating to
me the Foreign Office telegram No. 113 to His Majesty’s representative at Tehran, I
have the honour to report that on the 20th May I wrote to the acting vali privately, and
suggested that some expression of regret should be made to the Sheikh of Mohammerah
for the death of his wife and the inadvertent attack on his mother’s house, and that some
reparation might be offered for the damage done to it. I said I thought it would
disarm criticism if this were done, and I proffered the suggestion in the best interests
of the vali.
The acting vali communicated my letter to the vali. I have the honour to enclose
a copy of the vali’s reply as communicated to me by Saad Bey, and of my answer. The
vali no doubt desires to receive the sheikh’s reply to his letter before making any
advance, and he seems at present a little untractable, which is perhaps due to the
handsome ovation he received on his arrival at Bagdad and the congratulatory telegram
from Constantinople on his action at Zoin. But, if the sheikh answers in the way
proposed by the Foreign Office, I hope to be able to persuade him to meet us in the
matter.
I am informing the acting vali to-day of the lines on which His Majesty’s
Government hope to effect a reconciliation, as I gather from the vali’s telegraphic reply
that he is disposed to resent my intervention, and it may reassure him to know that
His Majesty’s Government are aware of his difficulties, and wish to give him reasonable
assistance.
I have, &c.
F. E. CROW.
Enclosure 2 in No. 1.
Acting Vali of Bussorah to Consul Crow.
Cher Mr. Crow, Bassova, le 26 mai, 1910.
JE vous demande pardon de vous faire attendre pour la reponse de votre estimee
portant la date du 20 courant et concernant le Cheikh de Mohammerah.
Son Excellence Nazif Bey dit que, n’existant aucun rapport entre le fait du
Gouvernement a Kut-el-Zein et votre poste, il regrette beaucoup de ne pouvoir
accepter vos propositions. II ajoute que tant que le Cheikh Hazal continue de laisser
Mohammerah en son etat d’etre asile aux brigands et malfaiteurs, il ne pourra jamais
regagner la sympathie du Gouvernement ottoman, et que son Excellence est disposee
a repondre h la critique—presque impossible, d’ailleurs, pour un brigand comme
Mohammed-el-Chenan, qui est poursuivi actuellement par le parquet.
Agreez, &c.
A. SAAD.
[2781 dd—3]

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Content

Correspondence including telegrams, hand written letters and printed enclosures, discusses an attack by a Turkish gun-boat on a village - Zain, belonging to the Shaikh of Mohammerah - which lay on the Turkish bank of the Shatt al-Arab waterway. The correspondence outlines the circumstances that led to the quarrel between the Turkish authorities and the Sheikh of Mohammerah, and suggestions that the Porte should be urged to replace the Wali of Basrah with a less aggressive official.

Correspondence discusses the proposal to give the Shaikh of Mohammerah assurances against naval attack, whatever the pretext for such action; letters and telegrams also discuss the award of a decoration (Knight Commander of the Indian Empire) to the Shaikh of Mohammerah.

A letter (dated 7 December 1913) from Percy Zachariah Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , outlines the Government of India's interests in Arabistan including: the oil fields and their future; irrigation; railway enterprises; telegraphs; Russian and German activity.

Correspondents include Percy Zachariah Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Sir Gerard Lowther, Ambassador to Constantinople; Charles Murray Marling, Ambassador to Tehran; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign affairs; Francis Edward Crow, H M Consul at Bussorah [Basra]; Arnold Talbot Wilson, H M Consul at Mohammerah; Shaikh Khazal bin Jabir, Shaikh of Mohammerah; Wali of Bussorah; Viceroy of India.

Extent and format
1 volume (281 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah: situation) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 278; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The folio sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one ending flyleaf.

An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel throughout; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 2 'Mohammerah: situation. Sheikh's dispute with the Vali of Basra. decoration for Sheikh. renewed assurances to Sheikh.' [‎29r] (62/566), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/133, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030525713.0x00003f> [accessed 16 October 2019]

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