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File 345/1908 Pt 2 'Mohammerah: situation. Sheikh's dispute with the Vali of Basra. decoration for Sheikh. renewed assurances to Sheikh.' [‎52v] (109/566)

The record is made up of 1 volume (281 folios). It was created in 1910-1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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and again expressed his deep sense of obligation for our support.
During the same interview he mentioned that the assurances as now given did not
refer to the question of his customs or to our own probable attitude towards him in the
event of the break-up of Persia. . , XT
These points were covered by items 5 and 6 of Foreign Office despatch .No. 108,
dated the 6th July, to Mr. Marling, and I disposed of them on the lines indicated by
His Majesty’s Secretary of State in that communication. The sheikh did not press
them, saying that he was now greatly reassured by what we had given him, and most
grateful for the document now vouchsafed.
As regards his customs, he ultimately made a fresh proposal or offer which requires
dealing with separately on its merits. In fact, the whole question of the Mohammerah
customs, by the light of eight years of the Belgian administration, needs bringing up
to date, and I have asked Lieutenant Wilson to draw up a memorandum on the subject,
and submit it with the sheikh’s present proposal.
6. I should mention that on arrival at Mohammerah I found the Sheikh of Koweit in
his launch, anchored at Failiyah alongside Sheikh Khazals palace. It seemed to me
that his presence at the presentation of the K.C.I.E. to his fidus Achates might be taken
advantage of to revive the former reports crediting the two sheikhs with sinister Arab
ambitions, to which we lent secret encouragement. I therefore had a talk with Sheikh
Mubarak, who readily fell in with my views (in which Sheikh Khazal inwardly
concurred), and spent the day of the ceremony at Bussorah, with Ahmed Zuhair Pasha,
returning the morning afterwards.
7. I am sending this communication with enclosures (of which I attach a list) via
London, with a copy to His Majesty’s Foreign Office, and am also forwarding a copy to
the Government of India.
IN continuation of my letter dated the 9th October, 1910, to your address,
to be observed.
It was arranged that the presentation of the K.C.I.E. should take place the following
morning in Durbar at the Failiyah Palace at about 9 A.M., and the Persian Foreign
Office agent, the headmen of the sheikh’s various tribes, the European community, and
I have, &c.
P. Z. COX, Lieutenant-Colonel,
British Besident in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .
Enclosure 2 in No. 1.
Consul-General Cox to Government of India.
(Confidential.)
Sir,
Bushire, October 23, 1910.
I have the honour to acquaint you that the insignia of a Knight Commander of the
Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire were duly delivered to Sheikh Khazal Khan,
Sheikh of Mohammerah, in Durbar at his palace at Failiyah on the 15th instant, the
ceremony being as follows :—
2. I proceeded from Bushire in His Majesty’s ship Bedbreast,” placed at my
disposal by the senior naval officer, arriving at Mohammerah on the afternoon of the
13th October, soon after which I received a visit from Haji Rais at the consulate. On
the 14th, accompanied by His Majesty’s consul, I visited the sheikh to inform him of my
mission, and to arrange the day and hour for the function and details of the ceremony
mmmm—

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Content

Correspondence including telegrams, hand written letters and printed enclosures, discusses an attack by a Turkish gun-boat on a village - Zain, belonging to the Shaikh of Mohammerah - which lay on the Turkish bank of the Shatt al-Arab waterway. The correspondence outlines the circumstances that led to the quarrel between the Turkish authorities and the Sheikh of Mohammerah, and suggestions that the Porte should be urged to replace the Wali of Basrah with a less aggressive official.

Correspondence discusses the proposal to give the Shaikh of Mohammerah assurances against naval attack, whatever the pretext for such action; letters and telegrams also discuss the award of a decoration (Knight Commander of the Indian Empire) to the Shaikh of Mohammerah.

A letter (dated 7 December 1913) from Percy Zachariah Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , outlines the Government of India's interests in Arabistan including: the oil fields and their future; irrigation; railway enterprises; telegraphs; Russian and German activity.

Correspondents include Percy Zachariah Cox, Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; Sir Gerard Lowther, Ambassador to Constantinople; Charles Murray Marling, Ambassador to Tehran; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign affairs; Francis Edward Crow, H M Consul at Bussorah [Basra]; Arnold Talbot Wilson, H M Consul at Mohammerah; Shaikh Khazal bin Jabir, Shaikh of Mohammerah; Wali of Bussorah; Viceroy of India.

Extent and format
1 volume (281 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah: situation) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 278; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The folio sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one ending flyleaf.

An additional foliation sequence is also present in parallel throughout; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 2 'Mohammerah: situation. Sheikh's dispute with the Vali of Basra. decoration for Sheikh. renewed assurances to Sheikh.' [‎52v] (109/566), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/133, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100030525713.0x00006e> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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