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The record is made up of 1 volume (349 folios). It was created in 1914. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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A village 22 miles east of Tehran, at the foot of the pass of same name,
leading to Ear. Lodging, supplies, and water available. (Napier—Stack
— Schindler.)
A tribe originally brought from Kabul by Nadir Shah ; they occupy the
villages of Karatappeh and Naudehhak, there are also a few in Sari.—
A small village in Azarbaijan, 5 miles north-west of Maragheh.—
A village of Mazandaran. It is a large straggling place, beautifully
situated at the foot of the hills between Sari and Barfarush, and surrounded
by rice cultivation.— (Holmes.)
A village in Lower Silakhur, about 15 miles south-east of Buruiird.
AFSHlR—Elev. 6,000' to 7,000'.
A mountainous sub-district of the Sain Kaleh district in Azarbaijan. It
lies in the south-eastern corner of Azarbaijan and is bounded by Anguran
in the east, by Uriad in the north, by Sain Kaleh in the west, and Garus in the
south. Roads lead to it from Zinjan, 75 miles ; from Mianeh 70 miles;
from Maragheh, 85 miles ; from Kirmlnshah via Sinneh and Karaftu, 165
miles , from Hamadan via Bijar, 140 miles. It lies in the midst of high
mountain ranges, which in the north rise to an elevation of nearly 11,000 feet,
and has a plentiful water-supply, being intersected by the head-waters of the
Saruk river, the principal affluent of the Jaghatu, which runs into the
Urumieh lake. The climate is very salubrious, but very cold in winter.
The district has a population of about 12,000 souls, mostly Turks of the
great Afshar tribe who settled here a couple of centuries ago. Its principal
villages are :— r
Yulgun Aghach, Tikan Tappeh, Chiragh Tappeh, Akdareh, Babanazar,
Hampa Aqbulagh.
The Governor of the_ district, generally an Afshar chief, resides in a
strong castle at A ulgun Aghach, built by the late Sulaiman Khan, who died
A. D. 1883, more than 100 years of age.
A hundred horsemen are furnished by the district for the Shah’s service
and the regiment of Maragheh is supplied with a few men serving as
volunteers or substitutes. Grain is produced in sufficient quantity to supply
the wants of the district, but there is little surplus. The people live chiefly
by raising sheep and cattle for sale in the Khamseh and Kazvln districts.
The district is rich in minerals. Fuel and forage are abundant; horses
and mules are reared, but not many of the latter; camels are neither kept
nor reared. Carriage is not procurable. The country is fit for camels.—
(Schindler — Napier.)

About this item


The item is Volume II of the four-volume Gazetteer of Persia (1914 edition).

The volume comprises the north-western portion of Persia, bounded on the west by the Turco-Persian frontier; on the north by the Russo-Persian frontier and Caspian Sea; on the east by a line joining Barfarush, Damghan, and Yazd; and on the south by a line joining Yazd, Isfahan, and Khanikin.

The gazetteer includes entries on human settlements (towns, villages, provinces, and districts); communications (roads, bridges, halting places, caravan camping places, springs, and cisterns); tribes and religious sects; and physical features (rivers, streams, valleys, mountains and passes). Entries include information on history, geography, climate, population, ethnography, resources, trade, and agriculture.

Information sources are provided at the end of each gazetteer entry, in the form of an author or source’s surname, italicised and bracketed.

A Note (folio 4) makes reference to a map at the end of the volume; this is not present, but an identical map may be found in IOR/L/MIL/17/15/4/1 (folio 636) and IOR/L/MIL/17/15/4/2 (folio 491).

Printed at the Government of India Monotype Press, Simla, 1914.

Extent and format
1 volume (349 folios)

The volume contains a list of authorities (folio 6) and a glossary (folios 343-349).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at inside back cover with 351; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOLUME II' [‎13r] (30/706), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/3/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 28 January 2020]

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