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The record is made up of 1 volume (349 folios). It was created in 1914. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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AZARBAl JAN—Between Lat. 36° 50' and 39° ; Long. 44° O' and 48° 50'.
See Tabriz,
Azarbaijan is one of tbe great divisions of Persia and stretches across the
, . north-west of the country. Commencing at its
south-west corner, its boundaries may be defined
as follows :—That on the west is formed by the Zagros range, dividing the
province from Turkish Kurdistan and Armenia up to the summit of the Lesser
Ararat on the north-west. The line dividing the province from Trans-
Caucasian Russia then follows the Araxes or Aras, the course of which
river it follows up to ’Abbasabad. It passes at a distance of 2| miles
outside this village ; then rejoining the Araxes, follows its course to a point,
14 miles below the Yadi Bulagh ford. Its eastern boundary here commences
in a line crossing the Mughan plain to a point on the Bolgarchai, which it
ascends to its confluence with the Adina Bazar Chai. This river it follows
to its source under the height of Jiku; thence it runs along the ridge of
mountains to Aqdagh, dividing it from Talish and Gllan. From this hill
the southern boundary runs in a curve below Mlaneh and Sain Kaleh to
a point above Sardasht, dividing the province from the districts of Khamseh
and Kurdistan.
Its greatest length is 270 miles from east to west, and its greatest breadth
250 miles from north to south. Chesney says its area is 25,285 square
The province of Azarbaijan is generally mountainous, intermingled with
fertile valleys, undulating plateaux, and some mountains of great height.
The mountain system of Azarbaijan all emanates from the mountains
of Kurdistan and, with the exception of the short spurs which run down
from that range in the west of the province to the Urumleh lake, it
consists of one range which meanders through the whole province. This
has its origin in Mount Akronal (?) in about Lat. 38° 20' Long. 44° 35'; from
thence it goes due east dividing the drainage of Kohl from that of Sal-maso,
apparently under the name of the Kuh Ma’shuq (pronounced Maishan),
and running south of Maraud, draining north to the Aras and south to the
AjI Chai; to the north-east of Tabriz it takes the name of Kosha Dagh,
shortly before which it throws a spur to the north called ShahvardI Kuh
(which runs parallel with the Ahar Chai branch of the Karasu river and ends
south of the bridge of Khudafarln over the Aras). The Kosha Dagh still
continues east dividing the drainage of the Karasu from that of the AjI
Chai to the Savalan Dagh. At this point the ridge turns due south still
dividing the Karasu (which flows round from the south of the Savalan)
to the north from the AjI Chai, till, in about Lat. 37° 50' it splits into two
main ranges, one going east the other west. The former maintains its
east direction till Long. 48° 35', when it also divides : one branch, the Bagru
Kuh, runs northward and divides Tallsh from Azarbaijan, while the other,
the Masuleh mountains, runs south to the Kizil Uzun River and divides Gllan
from Azarbaijan. The second main range, mentioned above, goes westward
under the name of the Buzgush to the Sahand mountains. Here it turn

About this item


The item is Volume II of the four-volume Gazetteer of Persia (1914 edition).

The volume comprises the north-western portion of Persia, bounded on the west by the Turco-Persian frontier; on the north by the Russo-Persian frontier and Caspian Sea; on the east by a line joining Barfarush, Damghan, and Yazd; and on the south by a line joining Yazd, Isfahan, and Khanikin.

The gazetteer includes entries on human settlements (towns, villages, provinces, and districts); communications (roads, bridges, halting places, caravan camping places, springs, and cisterns); tribes and religious sects; and physical features (rivers, streams, valleys, mountains and passes). Entries include information on history, geography, climate, population, ethnography, resources, trade, and agriculture.

Information sources are provided at the end of each gazetteer entry, in the form of an author or source’s surname, italicised and bracketed.

A Note (folio 4) makes reference to a map at the end of the volume; this is not present, but an identical map may be found in IOR/L/MIL/17/15/4/1 (folio 636) and IOR/L/MIL/17/15/4/2 (folio 491).

Printed at the Government of India Monotype Press, Simla, 1914.

Extent and format
1 volume (349 folios)

The volume contains a list of authorities (folio 6) and a glossary (folios 343-349).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at inside back cover with 351; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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'GAZETTEER OF PERSIA. VOLUME II' [‎35v] (75/706), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/3/1, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 November 2019]

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