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Coll 1/54 'Aden. Recruitment of Arabs from the Aden Protectorate and the Yemen for service with the Italian Colonial forces in Italian Somaliland; recruitment of Indians' [‎66r] (131/320)

The record is made up of 1 file (160 folios). It was created in 28 Dec 1934-29 Nov 1935. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .

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Minute Paper
Department,
P.Z. 5218/35
In India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. telegram No. 1685 of 31st May, the
Government of India were told that the enlistment of
British subjects or British Protected persons, even
as non-combatants, in Italian or Ethiopian forces, is
out of the question and that a request made by the
Italian Consul-General for permission to recruit in
India some hundreds of labourers for constructing roads
!
in Italian Somaliland, should be refused.
More recently the general question of the
recruitment of British subjects to work as labourers in
the Italian Colonies was considered in connection with
the situation at Aden and, with the concurrence of the
India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , Colonial Office telegram No. 47 of B5th
July was sent to the Resident at Aden. The papers on
this question went to the Government of India by the
air mail of 29th July and should be in the hands of the
Government of India early next week.
A copy of the Indian Emigration Act is flagged on
the file. It introduees very rigid restrictions on
emigration as defined in section 2(c) of the Act.
Of the two alternative methods suggested by the
Government of India by which the emigration of skilled
labouf for the Italian colonies could be prevented the
second seems preferable and it is suggested that,
subject to the concurrence of the Foreign Office and
Colonial Office, we might telegraph to the Government
of India as in the attached draft. It seems unnecessary
for us to propose the discussion of this point in the
Abyssinia Committee.

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Content

The file contains correspondence regarding the recruitment of labour from the Aden Settlement, the Aden Protectorate, and Yemen, for service in Italian Somaliland.

Following requests from the Italian Consul at Aden for an increased number of labourers to work in Italian Somaliland and Eritrea, the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office and the Aden Chief Commissioner consider the options available to prevent the recruitment of British Subjects or Protected Persons for either the Italian or Ethiopian forces. Following communications with the King of Yemen it is agreed that Yemeni subjects should also be prevented from travelling from Aden ports for that purpose.

The file also contains telegraphic correspondence with the Government of India, the Governor-General of Sudan, and British diplomatic staff in British Somaliland, Ethiopia, and Italy, requesting that efforts should be made to prevent recruitment from those locations. The likelihood of war between Italy and Ethiopia is discussed throughout the correspondence.

A large part of the correspondence concerns the legality of preventing emigration from Aden ports, and involves discussion of the Indian Emigration Act (1922), and the drafting of the Aden (Protection of Emigrants) Regulation (1935), the published version of which appears at ff 5-13. The Act prohibited emigration from Aden without obtaining a permit.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the end of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 file (160 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in rough chronological order from the rear to the front of the file

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 160; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 1/54 'Aden. Recruitment of Arabs from the Aden Protectorate and the Yemen for service with the Italian Colonial forces in Italian Somaliland; recruitment of Indians' [‎66r] (131/320), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/1492, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100034861753.0x000084> [accessed 25 February 2024]

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