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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎71r] (150/534)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (261 folios). It was created in 5 Jul 1933-13 Mar 1935. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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Ӵ is count Mor ley is not aware on what grounds the opinion
expressed by the Marquess of Lansdowne in his memorandum
of 21st March 1902 is based, but he observes that the language
used is very tentative, and, so far as he knows, the subject
was never pursued along the lines suggested by His Lordship,
except in the case of the attack on the immediate neighbourhood
of Koweit threatened by Ibn Rashid in the autumn of 1902.
It will be seen from the Oxovernment of India’s telegram of
6 April that this incident does not affect their opinion that
our general obligations extend, to the limits of Koweit
territory as described in Vol.II pp.1059-1051 of Lorinerts
(Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , copy of which is in your
possession. In this Lord Mor ley concurs: that is to say he
thinks that in the event of unprovoked aggression by the Turks
or by Arab tribes under Turkish control, upon those limits,
H.M.G. could not abstain from using their "good offices 5 ’ in
the Sheikh’s favour. But the term ’’good offices” is a very
vague one, which H.M.G. are at liberty to interpret at their
discretion, and which they would doubtless interpret with
more or less strictness according to the nature and locality
of the aggression, and all the circumstances of the case.
It would, however, in His Lordship’s opinion, be very
impolitic to attempt, in dealing with the Sheikh, to writtie
down the extent of our obligations, since such a course would
fill his mind with suspicions and could not fail to affect
*' o ur
unfavourably/prestige in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ...."
11. The P.O.replied on 9 May 1911 that Sir n.Grey
concurred ”in the view of the Government of India, snared by
Viscount Morlev, that these obligations extend to tne whole
territory of the Sheikh as described in the passage of
Lorimer’s Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. to which your letter

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Content

Correspondence and other papers concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. The volume is a direct chronological continuation of ‘1/1 Volume I Koweit Saudi relations’ (IOR/R/15/5/109), and covers the following subjects:

  • The movements of Khalid bin Hithlain of the Al-’Ajman tribe.
  • The trading blockade, imposed on Kuwait by the King of Saudi Arabia, ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdur Rahman al-Faisal [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd (Ibn Sa‘ūd)].
  • The views of British Government officials on Britain’s obligations to Kuwait, in light of the blockade.
  • Negotiations between British and Saudi officials (including the Saudi Arabian Minister for Foreign Affairs, Faud Hamza [Fu’ād Ḥamzah]) concerning Saudi Arabia’s borders with its neighbours, the Kuwait blockade, and Yemen.

The volume’s principal correspondents include: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. at Kuwait (Lieutenant-Colonel Harold Richard Patrick Dickson); the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Lieutenant-Colonel Trenchard William Craven Fowle); the British Minister at Jedda [Jeddah] (Andew Ryan); the British Chargé d’Affaires at Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert).

The volume contains several papers in Arabic, which are usually accompanied by English translations.

Extent and format
1 volume (261 folios)
Arrangement

The volume’s contents are arranged in approximate chronological order, from the earliest item at the front to the latest at the end.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 261; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers; nor does it include the two leading and ending flyleaves.

Additional foliation sequences are present in parallel between ff 4-261; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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‘1/1 Volume II Koweit Saudi relations’ [‎71r] (150/534), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/110, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100037551402.0x000097> [accessed 8 December 2019]

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