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Coll 6/70 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with Germany (Dr Grobba)' [‎58r] (115/179)

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The record is made up of 1 file (88 folios). It was created in 30 Nov 1928-8 Dec 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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skins had bstm sold in Germany at a good pri se or* condition
{ w 1
20C
that the sellers bought German goods to twice the amount
which the skins realised* Aluhammad Ali Riza, who effected
tiiis transaction, stated at the time that this arrangement
suited Saudi Arabia at the moment but might not always be
convenient*
5* In his iinal visit to me ^ust before his departure
Dr. Grobba talked a good deal about trade prospects* He
admitted that the creation of a regular army would give
Germany an opportunity to tender for the supply of arras.
He saw only restricted opportunities for the use of the
barter system with Saudi Arabia, but hoped that Germany might
take a larger share of Saudi exports of skins. He said that
the ;audi authorities had also suggested as suitable articles
for barter, millet from Jizan and dates from Hasa; but as
Germany only wants millet for fodcier and dates for the
extraction of spirit the prices she ip likely to be able to
offer cannot be tempting unless politics i6 to take precedence
of economics. I have no special knowledge of the Hasa date
trade, but I believe that the Haea dates, which ripen earlier
than the dates in Basra, command a fair price as food in
India and Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ports. But I am inclined to believe
that the Saudi suggestions about millet and dates were not
very serious, and that such German goods as are sold here will
usually be sold for c,.sh.
G. i am forwarding copies of this despatch to His
Majesty's I rincipal Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
in the Department of Overseas Trade (No. 4 - 426/305/1) and to
His Majesty*s Ambassador at Bagdad (No.426/306/1).
I have, etc.,
(Sd.) R. "j. Bullard.

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Content

This file concerns relations between the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia) and Germany. The material in the file dates from two periods: 1928-30 and 1939-41. Notable correspondents include the following: the British Agent at Jeddah (Herbert George Jakins); the High Commissioner, Egypt (George Ambrose Lloyd, Lord Lloyd); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Cecil Gervase Hope Gill); His Majesty's Ambassador in Cairo (Miles Wedderburn Lampson); His Majesty's Ambassador in Bagdad [Baghdad] (Sir Basil Cochrane Newton); His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, Sir Reader William Bullard, and later, Hugh Stonehewer Bird); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Anthony Eden); officials of the Foreign Office.

The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • The conclusion of a treaty of friendship between Germany and the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd in April 1929.
  • The appointment of a German Consul in the Hejaz in 1931.
  • Anglo-Yemeni relations.
  • Reports in 1940 that Mussolini has been approached by Hitler with a request that the Italian Government should ask Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] to allow German diplomatic representative Dr Fritz Konrad Ferdinand Grobba to take residence Jedda.
  • Whether Ibn Saud should be urged by the British to refuse to receive Dr Grobba.
  • Italy's request for Saudi diplomatic representation in Rome.
  • Ibn Saud's requests for financial assistance from the British Government.
  • The reported arrival of eight German officers (in civilian disguise) in Iran, in late 1940.
  • Reports in 1940 of wireless communication between Riyadh and Germany.
  • Reports in November 1941 of pro-German Arabs having attempted to persuade Ibn Saud to call for an Arab congress to be held in Mecca or Medina during the pilgrimage.

In addition to correspondence the file includes a copy of an English translation of the aforementioned treaty.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).

Extent and format
1 file (88 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 89; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 6/70 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with Germany (Dr Grobba)' [‎58r] (115/179), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2143, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100039503397.0x000076> [accessed 23 October 2019]

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