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Coll 6/70 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with Germany (Dr Grobba)' [‎88r] (175/179)

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The record is made up of 1 file (88 folios). It was created in 30 Nov 1928-8 Dec 1941. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Sir,
I am directed *by Secretary Sir Austen Chamberlain to transmit
to you the accompanying copy of a despatch to His Majesty’s
Ambassador at Berlin, recording a recent conversation between the
German Ambassador and Sir R. Lindsay, relative to the Hejaz and
the Yemen.
2. In reply to Monsieur Sthamer’s enquiry regarding the
relations between His Majesty's Government and the Imam, Sir Austen
Chamberlain proposes to reply that the Imam has for some years past
been in occupation of certain areas of the Aden Protectorate; that
early in 1928 he was responsible for further acts of aggression in
Protectorate territory, and that His Majesty’s Government
consequently took forcible action to expel the Imam's troops from
these areas. The Ambassador might also be informed that the Imam
indicated in September last his willingness to re-open negotiations,
and that His Majesty’s Government for their part are prepared to
conclude a treaty with him, recognising the independence of the Yeman
and defining the boundary between the Imam’s territories and the
Aden Protectorate. It is, however, not yet possible to form any
definite opinion as to whether these negotiations will result in a
satisfactory settlement.
3. It aopears to Sir Austen Chamberlain to be undesirable to
express any opinion on the proposed establishment of relations
between Germany and the Yemen, and I am to enquire whether Mr.
Secretary Amery concurs in the proposal to address a note to the
German Ambassador on the above lines.
4. Copies of this letter are being sent to the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors.
and ir Ministry.
I am, etc.,
(Sgd.) MONTEAGLE
The Under Secretary of State,
Colonial Office.

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Content

This file concerns relations between the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia) and Germany. The material in the file dates from two periods: 1928-30 and 1939-41. Notable correspondents include the following: the British Agent at Jeddah (Herbert George Jakins); the High Commissioner, Egypt (George Ambrose Lloyd, Lord Lloyd); His Majesty's Chargé d'Affaires to Jedda (Cecil Gervase Hope Gill); His Majesty's Ambassador in Cairo (Miles Wedderburn Lampson); His Majesty's Ambassador in Bagdad [Baghdad] (Sir Basil Cochrane Newton); His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, Sir Reader William Bullard, and later, Hugh Stonehewer Bird); the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Anthony Eden); officials of the Foreign Office.

The correspondence includes discussion of the following:

  • The conclusion of a treaty of friendship between Germany and the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd in April 1929.
  • The appointment of a German Consul in the Hejaz in 1931.
  • Anglo-Yemeni relations.
  • Reports in 1940 that Mussolini has been approached by Hitler with a request that the Italian Government should ask Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] to allow German diplomatic representative Dr Fritz Konrad Ferdinand Grobba to take residence Jedda.
  • Whether Ibn Saud should be urged by the British to refuse to receive Dr Grobba.
  • Italy's request for Saudi diplomatic representation in Rome.
  • Ibn Saud's requests for financial assistance from the British Government.
  • The reported arrival of eight German officers (in civilian disguise) in Iran, in late 1940.
  • Reports in 1940 of wireless communication between Riyadh and Germany.
  • Reports in November 1941 of pro-German Arabs having attempted to persuade Ibn Saud to call for an Arab congress to be held in Mecca or Medina during the pilgrimage.

In addition to correspondence the file includes a copy of an English translation of the aforementioned treaty.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 2).

Extent and format
1 file (88 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 89; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Coll 6/70 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with Germany (Dr Grobba)' [‎88r] (175/179), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2143, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100039503397.0x0000b2> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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