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‘Military report on Persia Volume I 1930’ [‎11r] (26/154)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (73 folios). It was created in 1920-1931. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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The Army in Persia was divided into five divisions and
an independent Brigade and the garrison of Khurasan (one
Division) was given the name of “ Lashkar-i'-Sharq ”
(Eastern Division). This Division, which was under Husain
Aqa as General Officer Commanding and Prince Muhammad
Husain Mirza as Chief of Staff, was to consist of 6,000 of
all arms with Headquarters at Meshed and was to be dis
tributed as follows :—
Meshed 2,000
Kuchan 750
Bujnurd 300
Aster ah ad ....... 500
Shahrud 300
Sabzawar 150
Turbat-i-Haidari 300
Birjand and Seistan 750
Total . 5,050
The Military Command of Asterabad was however
transferred to the Tehran Division in March 1922, when
Husain Aqa was confirmed as “ Amir-i-Lashkar ” (Divisional
Commander) of the Eastern Persian Division.
In the month of April, the reorganisation of the Amnieh
(road guards) took plaeO and their strength was reduced
from 1,200 to 350.
Early in May, orders were issued from the capital that
the total strength of the Khurasan forces was not to exceed
3,000 men.
Nizam-us-Saltaneh, the Governor-General, who was not
on good terms with the Amir-i-Laskar, was recalled to
Tehran and Muqbil-us-Saltaneh officiated for him.
Sardar-i-Asad was then appointed Governor-General and
assumed charge on the 18th May 1923.
In January 1923, the Amir-i-Lashk^r’s proposal to
number the brigades (Meshed and Seistan) as No. 1 and
No. 2 respectively was sanctioned by the War Minister.
In the autumn of 1923, the whole divisional area was
inspected by Army Headquarters and in November sanction
was given to increase the 2nd Brigade (Seistan) to a total
strength of 2,300, out of which 500 men were to be quartered
in Kha&h and 150 men in Dehana Baghi.

About this item


Military report on the Khurasan [Khurāsān] and Seistan [Sīstān] regions of Persia [Iran], with maps and illustrations. Produced by the General Staff, India, and published in Calcutta [Kolkata] by the Government of India Press, 1931. Marked for official use only.

The report includes chapters on:

  • a history of Khurasan and Seistan
  • the geography of Khurasan and Seistan (mountains, rivers, deserts, an alphabetical listing of towns) and climate (including assessments of the health risks associated with both regions)
  • population (religion, tribes)
  • resources (including crops, grazing, fuel, transport, and a note on horses and mules in Khurasan)
  • armed forces (including a description of the Eastern Division of the Persian military, an Order of Battle, organisation, armaments, equipment, clothing, rations, training)
  • aviation (detailing the organisation, personnel, equipment, aerodromes, etc., of the Persian Air Force)
  • administration (municipal, police, justice, department of public instruction, revenue, roads and communications, census, post and telegraphs, sanitation)
  • communications (railways, roads, types of motor transport in use, principal routes used by travellers from Meshed [Mashad] to Russian territory, telegraphs, telephones, wireless)

An appendix includes a veterinary note on conditions in Khurasan and Seistan. The volume also includes four colour plates illustrating different badges associated with Persian army and police officers, and a number of maps and diagrammatic maps.

Extent and format
1 volume (73 folios)

A contents page at the front of the volume (f 6) and index at the rear (ff 64-66) both reference the volume’s original printed pagination.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 75; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘Military report on Persia Volume I 1930’ [‎11r] (26/154), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/MIL/17/15/7, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 15 November 2019]

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