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Ext 5001/41 'PERSIA – INTERNAL (Miscellaneous despatches).' [‎66r] (131/248)

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The record is made up of 1 file (122 folios). It was created in 21 Jun 1942-15 Mar 1946. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS THE
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)ONFIDENT1AL ■ ^ri* 5 1M4
PROPERTY OF HISTOlTINNIC MAJESTY’S GOVERNMENT
PERSIA.
CONFIDENTIAL.
[E 602/189/34]
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With tha
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for For. Affairs
January 27, 1944.
Section 2.
Copy No. 122
Sir R. Bullard to Mr. Eden.—{Received 21 th January)
/to
(No. 10 . Confidential.)
Sir, Tehran, 1th January, 1944.
SINCE my despatch No. 462 of the 23rd November 1943 , all other events
from that date to' the end of the year were overshadowed by the Tehran
Conference, which excited the interest and flattered the vanity of the Persian
people, who, had they been permitted, would have exhibited their feelings in
demonstrations, receptions and gifts. The repression of these manifestations
under pressure of secrecy caused some slight resentment, but this was quickly
dissipated when the Anglo-Russian-American declaration about Persia was
issued.
2. An indiscretion by Tehran radio during the passage of Mr. Eden and
Mr. Hull through Tehran in October, which revealed their presence to the world,
and might possibly have endangered their safety on their way to Moscow, led to
the adoption of the severest measures of secrecy on the occasion of the Tehran
Conference. Until Mr. Churchill and Mr. Roosevelt were about to arrive no hint
was given to the Persian Government. We did not know that some days earlier
the Soviet Charge d’Affaires, on instructions from Moscow, had informed the
Prime Minister that it was proposed to hold a conference in Tehran and had
asked the Prime Minister how this would be viewed by the Persian Government—
a question to which he received an enthusiastic approval. He even informed
M. Soheily (though he subsequently induced the Prime Minister to deny this in
the press) that M. Stalin would be present. The Shah is said to have been
greatly flattered by this “courtesy” on the part of Stalin. Security for the
British and Soviet representatives was easy to ensure, since the two missions,
each of which is surrounded by a high wall, are separated only by a street, which
was blocked so as to cover the connecting-gates. To ensure the safety of
Mr. Roosevelt was more difficult, as the American Legation is half a mile away
from the Soviet Embassy, in which, it being the senior of the three missions, the
meetings of the conference were necessarily held. After first having quarters
arranged for him in His Majesty’s Legation and then establishing himself in
the American Legation, Mr. Roosevelt finally moved into a house in the compound
of the Soviet Embassy. He revealed to the press in the United States that he
did this on being informed by Marshal Stalin that there was a plot against the
lives of the three chief representatives and that there were in Tehran over.
100 German agents. The publication of this report annoyed the Persian Govern
ment, who rightly considered that it gave a false picture of conditions in their
capital. They published a dementi, in which they rightly pointed out that during
the conference none of the Allied authorities had said anything about the plot
to the Persian authorities, who had, in fact, been* thanked by them for the
security measures taken. His Majesty’s Legation are convinced that, if the tale
was not made up to induce the President to leave his own mission for that of the
Soviets, it was invented by the Soviet security authorities to show that it is not
only the British -security authorities who can discover plots. The latter, it is
true, discovered not only a plot but the plotters as well, but you can’t always have
everything.
3. At the Moscow Conference the British and American representatives
had made a great effort to secure agreement on the issue of a declaration which
would reassure Persia as to the intentions of the Allies, but it was wrecked by
the determined opposition of the Soviet delegates. This became known to the
Shah and the Prime Minister apparently through the Americans here, who,
however, also stated that in the course of the conference the Russians had made
known their intention to.remove their troops after the war in accordance with
the terms of the Anglo-Soviet-Persian Treaty of January 1942. On the
29th November, when Mr. Eden called on the Prime Minister, M. Soheily stated
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Content

This file consists of miscellaneous dispatches relating to internal affairs in Persia [Iran] during the occupation of the country by British and Soviet troops. The file begins with references to an Anglo-Soviet-Persian Treaty of Alliance, signed in January 1942, which followed the Anglo-Soviet invasion of the country in August-September 1941.

Most of the dispatches are addressed by His Majesty's Minister (later Ambassador) at Tehran (Sir Reader William Bullard) to the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs (Anthony Eden). The dispatches discuss political, financial and economic affairs in Persia, as well as issues regarding road and rail transport (for the transportation of foodstuffs), food supplies and press censorship,

Related matters of discussion include the following:

  • British concerns regarding the extent and effect of Axis propaganda in Persia and the Persian Government's response to it.
  • Relations between the Shah [Muhammad Reza Khan] and successive Persian prime ministers, and the power and influence of the Majlis deputies.
  • Anglo-Persian relations, and British concerns regarding Soviet policy in Persia.
  • The Persian press's response to the Allied occupation.
  • The Tehran conference in late November 1943, attended by Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin and Franklin D Roosevelt, who were also present at a dinner at the British Legation, held in celebration of Churchill's 69th birthday (also discussed is the naming of three streets in Tehran, after Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt respectively).
  • The tribal situation in Persia.
  • The raising of the status of the British Legation in Tehran to that of British Embassy in February 1943.
  • The United States' interests in Persia.
  • The status of Polish evacuees in Persia.
  • The work of the British Council in Persia.
  • The question of the withdrawal of Allied troops from Persia.

The file includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence (folio 1).

Extent and format
1 file (122 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 124; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English in Latin script
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Ext 5001/41 'PERSIA – INTERNAL (Miscellaneous despatches).' [‎66r] (131/248), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/564, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100042321849.0x000084> [accessed 21 November 2019]

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