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Coll 30/21(2) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit - Blockade by Ibn Saud' [‎19v] (49/1010)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (501 folios). It was created in 14 May 1935-27 Sep 1937. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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2 .
three agreements should come into force simultaneously
and there appears to he no prospect of ending the
present system of blockade unless this is agreed to
by the Sheikh Prima facie the Saudi Government’s
attitude is not unreasonable and it is to be hoped
that the Sheild can be induced to agree to their
The next step will be for the Political
Agent at Koweit to show the Saudi version of the
trade regulations to the Sheikf. and if, as is hoped,
the Sheikt’s agreement is obtained, it will then be
necessary to ascertain his reactions to the proposal
for agreements relating to extradition and the bon
voisinag e. The Saudi Government evidently contemplate
that these additional agreements should be on the lines
of those in force between Saudi Arabia and Iraq. While
the extradition agreement between Saudi Arabia and Iraq
appears to be generally suitable as a basis for discussion
of a similar agreement between Saudi Arabia and Koweit,
the treaty of bon voisinage appears to contain much that
would be objectionable to His Majesty’s Government from
the point of view of its inclusion in an agreement
between Saudi Arabia and Koweit and it is thought that
for present purposes it will be sufficient if the objects
of the treaties are explained to the Sheik in general
terms. If he agrees in principle, the actual terms of
the agreements can be taken up with the Saudi Government.
As regards the form which the agreements eventually
should take, it will be seen from the submission at
P.Z. U 819/36 (flag B) that it was then contemplated
that the trade agreement should be recorded in an
Anglo-Saudi exchange of notes. Nothing has occurred

About this item


This volume contains correspondence related to a trade blockade that was imposed on Kuwait by the Ruler of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and more generally concerning relations between Britain, Kuwait and Saudi Arabia.

The correspondence in the volume consists of internal correspondence between British officials (including at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the British Legation in Jeddah and the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Kuwait) as well as correspondence between British officials and the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah and officials from the Saudi Arabian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

The file also contains English language translations of letters that were passed between the Kuwaiti and Saudi Arabian delegations at negotiations mediated by Britain in June 1935.

In addition to correspondence, the file contains the following:

  • Treaty of Friendship and "Bon Voisinage", Protocol of Arbitration and Extradition Treaty between Iraq & Hejaz and Nejd and Dependencies (folios 49-52)
  • 'Draft Regulations For Trading Between Kuwait and Saudi Arabia' (folios 161-165)
  • Account of Discussions at Riyadh by Andrew Ryan, 1935 (folios 232-237)
  • Political Department Secret Memorandum entitled 'The Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ' (folios 292-293)
  • 'Notes on Kuwait-Saudi Blockade Discussions' (folios 358-363)
  • 'Note on the discussions between the Saudi delegates and the Kuwait Representatives, as They Took Place Each Day', June 1935 (folios 371-377)
  • 'Note on the Discussions between Saudi Delegates and Kuwait Representatives' (folios 380-390)
  • 'Record of Fourth Meeting with Fuad Bey Hamza at the Foreign Office on July 5, 1935' (folios 399-401)

The volume includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (501 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 497; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the leading and ending flyleaves. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

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English in Latin script
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Coll 30/21(2) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit - Blockade by Ibn Saud' [‎19v] (49/1010), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3733, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 10 December 2019]

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