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Coll 28/45 ‘Persia. Anglo-Persian Treaty negotiations; abrogation of existing treaties.’ [‎76r] (151/154)

The record is made up of 1 file (75 folios). It was created in 30 Mar 1932-25 Jan 1934. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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PERSIA. * ' : ' < March 2, 1932.
. • O
[E 1082/208/34] No. 1.
Mr. Hoare to Sir John Simon.—{Received March 2.)
(No. 73.)
Sir, Tehran, February 13, 1932.
I HAVE the honour to report that in the course of the conversation recorded
in my telegram No. 11, Teymourtache raised the question of the abrogation of
former treaties. This question was, as you will remember, originally to have
formed the subject of article 4 in the Commercial Treaty, but was subsequently
transferred to the General Treaty. At the time when negotiations were
suspended it had not been given a number among the articles of this treaty,
but the Minister for Foreign Affairs had suggested that it might become article 3.
The decision to transfer the question from the Commercial to the General Treaty
was contained in Mr. Arthur Henderson’s telegram No. 70 of the 3rd April, 1930.
2. Teymourtache said that the attitude of His Majesty’s Government over
the abrogation of treaties had not only puzzled him, but made him suspicious.
He explained, as I find he has done before, the difficulties which confronted the
Persian Government in making specific mention of the Slavery Convention of
1882 and still more of the agreement of 1919. The plan which they suggested of
simply stating that all treaties concluded previous to 1928 had been cancelled
seemed to him not only innocuous to His Majesty’s Government, who were
prepared to admit in one way or another that all these treaties were, in fact, null
and void, but neater as a piece of drafting. The conclusion which inevitably
suggested itself to his mind was that His Majesty’s Government had in reserve
some treaty or agreement which the Persian Government had forgotten and
which would be sprung upon them at some later date.
3. I contented myself with remarking that I had read a good deal of
correspondence on the subject, but probably not all, and that, if I was unaware
of the reasons why His Majesty's Government attached importance to the
procedure they advocated, I had until receiving his Highness’ explanation, been
equally puzzled by the insistence of the Persian Government. I would go into
the question.
4. I have not been able before the departure of the bag to make a complete
search of the Legation archives and the fullest statement of the views of His
Majesty’s Government that I have found is that contained in the memorandum !
enclosed in Sir Austen Chamberlain’s despatch No. 281 of the 6th June, 1929.
This memorandum simply states that it is considered important that the
treaties, &c., to be abrogated must be enumerated," but does not give any reasons,
presumably because these reasons were well known to all those interested at the
5. From this memorandum and from other references in the archives I
gather that the views of His Majesty’s Government were influenced by the effect
that the abrogation of the treaty of 1841 might have upon the position of the
Bushire Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. and the necessity of maintaining the validity of the various
Telegraph Conventions, and the Slavery Convention.
6. I do not consider that the treaty of 1841 is now of any practical
importance. His Majesty’s Government cannot, in these days, maintain a
“ Resident ’’ upon Persian soil in the face of Persian opposition, because, treaty
or no treaty, the Persian Government can render his position untenable. The
Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. for the Arab principalities may or may not continue to reside
at Bushire, but if he does so it will be simply, as at present, in the function of a
consul-general. If, as consul-general, he has the good fortune to be able to spend
prolonged periods away from his post, that is, or should be, no concern of the
Persian Government.
7. The Telegraph Conventions have been superseded by a single Telegraphs
Agreement, which I expect to sign any day now.
8. The Slavery Convention of 1882 will be superseded, if the negotiations
succeed, by an article, with a dependent protocol, in the General Treaty. The
[416 b—6]

About this item


The correspondence concerns the drafting of an article for a general treaty between Great Britain and Persia [Iran] that would outline the abrogation of treaties, conventions and agreements concluded between the two nations before 1928. The file’s principal correspondents are: HM’s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary in Tehran, Reginald Hervey Hoare; George William Rendel of the Foreign Office; John Gilbert Laithwaite of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. . The file includes several French texts which include drafts of the treaty article being discussed, and copies of correspondence from the Persian Minister for Foreign Affairs.

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (75 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 77; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 28/45 ‘Persia. Anglo-Persian Treaty negotiations; abrogation of existing treaties.’ [‎76r] (151/154), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3450, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 August 2019]

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