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'File 2/2 IV Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎39r] (82/542)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (267 folios). It was created in 23 May 1935-13 Jun 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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eonparativeXy »Uort he ©aw m objection to aaf^rrin^
drastic action until Els M&jastjMa Qomrmmnt s&ouM hav« had
an opportunity of a peaking to tiia shaikn. a® ragarda tka
action to prevent ftisuggliag, tka trouble was tkat tk© britisk
autaoritios in tna cull brought unfounded &.causations against
the Iraqi Government of violating Aowaiti territory, «men they
bad not in fact dona so# in tins case of one incident, for
instance, tm Iraqis had offered that the British Judge at
Basra should go to the spot to decide whether they had or had
not violated Jloweitl territory, but the matter .had not been
pursued# Mr! pasha was satisfied that no violation of xowelti
territory had occurred# I said that I could not discus® this
point m X had not got the facta before me* l was not
referring to disputed oases of this kind, but to ordinary
anti-smuggling measures on undisputed Iraqi territory* lo
these of course there could bo no possible objection#
5* The matter was not further pursued, but I got the
impression that the Iraqis certainly mean to take very severe
7 measures against the Sheikh If ho does not do something to
help to discourage the Kowsiti smuggling trade, but that they
are prepared to wait a month or so on the chance of our being
able to bring the Sheikh to reason meanwhile*
(Signed) &*W* Handel.
1st July 1935#

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling. British officials stood as mediators between the Iraqi Government and the Shaikh of Kuwait to try and solve the smuggling issue. They discussed possible ways to persuade the Shaikh of Kuwait to agree to a friendly arrangement for cooperation for checking smuggling on the lines which had been contemplated. British Government officials also suggested various methods to control smuggling such as a system of manifests, trade control posts, as well as the appointment of a British Director of Customs at Kuwait.

The volume includes minutes of a meeting held in London discussing the question of Kuwait-Iraq smuggling with the Shaikh of Kuwait, a list of regulations of the Customs Code in Iraq issued by the King of Iraq and published in the official gazette, correspondence related to a number of cases of violation of Kuwaiti territorial waters by Iraq Customs launches, as well as the arrest and detention of Kuwaiti nationals.

The Shaikh raised his complaints to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. who in turn shared the Shaikh’s concerns with other British officials. On the other hand, complaints were also raised by the Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs regarding the Kuwaiti Government’s lack of control of its border lines.

Lists of violation incidents are also included in the volume. Each list includes the following information: date and place of occurrence by whom, a summary of the incident, date of report to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and the Iraqi Government’s reply. The volume also includes summary lists of Iraqi newspaper articles which discuss Iraq-Kuwait related issues including smuggling, and the annexation of Kuwait by Iraq.

Extent and format
1 volume (267 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 269; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 IV Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎39r] (82/542), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/131, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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