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'File 2/2 IV Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎44r] (92/542)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (267 folios). It was created in 23 May 1935-13 Jun 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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') yj: -} ’ I ^ O L E T T £ R D ^
■ ■>^:ion dFFfcg
M 3680 / 187 / 9 X)
* (/
In the course of a Xoug conversation with me
yesterday evening Hurl fashe adverted to this question*
He said that he thought that the Iraqi point of view had
never hean properly represented to ua. The Iraqi
Government did not in the least wish to oblige the Sheikh
of Koweit to take any particular measures, though they
greatly resented the support which they were convinced that
he was secretly giving to the mmggllng organisations*
/ill that they wanted was to have a free hand to deal with
the smuggling in their own way. Recently m incident had
occurred where mm smugglers had been killed and the Iraqi®
had been accused of violating Kowelti territory* This wee
not the case, and the Iraqi Government had offered to send,
a British official down to verify the facts, but the
proposal had not been accepted*
8* I told Surl Paaha that X could not accept his
statement regarding the Sheikh of Koweit 1 a interest in the
MtsskggXtug* Qmr information was that the smn&gllng was
organised by an Iraqi organisation in Basra* The
Iraqi Government wore of course perfectly free to take any
measures they liked on their own territory to deal with the
smuggling, but they had been represented to us as wishing to
go very much further, and Hurl himself had implied that
K owe it had been behaving very badly* This seemed to show
a misapprehension of, the legs! position* The problem was
constantly arising of smuggling into a State with high
tariffs through a neighbouring state with low tariffs* In

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling. British officials stood as mediators between the Iraqi Government and the Shaikh of Kuwait to try and solve the smuggling issue. They discussed possible ways to persuade the Shaikh of Kuwait to agree to a friendly arrangement for cooperation for checking smuggling on the lines which had been contemplated. British Government officials also suggested various methods to control smuggling such as a system of manifests, trade control posts, as well as the appointment of a British Director of Customs at Kuwait.

The volume includes minutes of a meeting held in London discussing the question of Kuwait-Iraq smuggling with the Shaikh of Kuwait, a list of regulations of the Customs Code in Iraq issued by the King of Iraq and published in the official gazette, correspondence related to a number of cases of violation of Kuwaiti territorial waters by Iraq Customs launches, as well as the arrest and detention of Kuwaiti nationals.

The Shaikh raised his complaints to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. who in turn shared the Shaikh’s concerns with other British officials. On the other hand, complaints were also raised by the Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs regarding the Kuwaiti Government’s lack of control of its border lines.

Lists of violation incidents are also included in the volume. Each list includes the following information: date and place of occurrence by whom, a summary of the incident, date of report to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and the Iraqi Government’s reply. The volume also includes summary lists of Iraqi newspaper articles which discuss Iraq-Kuwait related issues including smuggling, and the annexation of Kuwait by Iraq.

Extent and format
1 volume (267 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 269; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 IV Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎44r] (92/542), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/131, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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