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'File 2/2 IV Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎74r] (152/542)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (267 folios). It was created in 23 May 1935-13 Jun 1936. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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his offer of it vms much appreciated by H.M.G.
MRo RBh'DBh agreed. He added that the details of
the system would require working out and that it would hawe
to be put to the Iraq Government. The idea was that there
should be ; as it were^ gates in the Iraq frontier 5 for the
passage of legitimate trade, and that any merchandise not
going through these gates would be stopped by the Iraq
authorities. It would be better to have a wall with
gates than a wall without any opening at all.
MR. LAITHWA 1 TS enquired whether His Excellency had any
organised customs service at present which would be capable
of issuing manifests. A responsible official would be
necessary to issue manifests not only for Iraq but also for
Saudi Arabia (if a solution of the question of the Saudi
blockade were reached on the basis suggested by the Sheikh
of Customs posts and manifests) and also, once the Kuwait
Oil Company commenced operations, to deal with imports by
it. His Excellency said that he already had at Koweit
two special Customs officials, one for trade by sea and
one for trade by land who worked under his direct control,
and were persons of sufficient authority and standing to
issue such manifests.
MR. WALTON reverted to the question of the counter
proposal which the Sheikh was said to have mentioned to
Colonel Dickson at Koweit. H.M.G. had understood from
the latter T s report that His Excellency in discussion of
the matter in London might be able to make some counter
offer as an alternative to the Iraqi intention to impose
a blockade. His Excellency had now accepted Mr.Laithwarte’s
uggusuion in rogarc vo mam
lg Lac. he no c some

About this item


The volume contains correspondence related to Kuwait-Iraq smuggling. British officials stood as mediators between the Iraqi Government and the Shaikh of Kuwait to try and solve the smuggling issue. They discussed possible ways to persuade the Shaikh of Kuwait to agree to a friendly arrangement for cooperation for checking smuggling on the lines which had been contemplated. British Government officials also suggested various methods to control smuggling such as a system of manifests, trade control posts, as well as the appointment of a British Director of Customs at Kuwait.

The volume includes minutes of a meeting held in London discussing the question of Kuwait-Iraq smuggling with the Shaikh of Kuwait, a list of regulations of the Customs Code in Iraq issued by the King of Iraq and published in the official gazette, correspondence related to a number of cases of violation of Kuwaiti territorial waters by Iraq Customs launches, as well as the arrest and detention of Kuwaiti nationals.

The Shaikh raised his complaints to the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. who in turn shared the Shaikh’s concerns with other British officials. On the other hand, complaints were also raised by the Iraqi Ministry for Foreign Affairs regarding the Kuwaiti Government’s lack of control of its border lines.

Lists of violation incidents are also included in the volume. Each list includes the following information: date and place of occurrence by whom, a summary of the incident, date of report to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. and the Iraqi Government’s reply. The volume also includes summary lists of Iraqi newspaper articles which discuss Iraq-Kuwait related issues including smuggling, and the annexation of Kuwait by Iraq.

Extent and format
1 volume (267 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence for this description commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 269; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 2/2 IV Kuwait-Iraq Smuggling' [‎74r] (152/542), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/131, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 19 October 2019]

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