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Coll 30/21(4) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit-Saudi relations. Trade, Bon Voisinage and Extradition Agreements. Desire of Ibn Saud to Establish Customs Post at Wafra' [‎52r] (103/170)

The record is made up of 1 file (83 folios). It was created in 25 Apr 1940-14 Apr 1947. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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RECo. ROL. DEPt
1! JUN 940
INDIA OFFICE The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors.
Your telegram No. 69 j of 25rd April: Ibn Baud's desire
to establish customs post at 7/afra. ]
Sheikh oeposes establishment of Saudi post at ,/afra on
grounds that (a) there is no trade route through neutral zone,
though very occasionally caravans pass that way, and (b) Ibn
Saud could establish a post in Saudi territory close to
southern boundary where there is water.
2. For your own information, Sheikh's main objection is
his suspicion that Ibn Saud's real object is to undermine the
status quo in neutral zone and force his hand over oil
negotiations.
3. The Sheikh is very tenacious of his rights in
neutral zone and it would be very difficult to convince him
that they would not be prejudiced by Saudi proposal. On the
other hand wording of Uqair Protocol is vague and you will
see from Mr. Eyres' letter of 29th April to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. that
position is such that, in absence of mutual agreement. His
Majesty's Government might have to advise the Sheikh to assent
to Ibn Saud's proposal if, on further consideration the
necessity of the proposal were clearly established and
Sheikh's objections thereto should appear unreasonable and
vexatious.
4. In the circumstances, you should, if you see no
objection, inform Ibn Saud that the Sheikh, for the reasons
given at (a) and (b) above, cannot see necessity for a post at
..afra and is opposed to its establishment. kith the informa-
tionat their disposal, His Majesty's Government find it
difficult to press him to re-consider his view, especially as
no suggestion was made during the lengthy negotiations for
the trade agreement that any control post would be required in
neutral zone. You may also explain difficulties that might
arise if customs posts were established in the neutral zone
(see e.g. paragraph 6 of Mr. Eyres' letter) and enquire whether
it would not be possible for Ibn Saud to have a post or posts
on his own side of the boundary of the neutral zone, as
suggested by the Sheikh.
Repeated to Bushire No. 2 and Koweit No. 1.

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Content

This file contains correspondence between British officials concerning a number of agreements agreed between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait in 1942 (and ratified in 1943).

The agreements were intended to formalise relations between the two countries and to end a trade blockade that had been imposed on Kuwait by Saudi Arabia. Much of the correspondence concerns the exact wording of these agreements and numerous amendments that were made to them. The correspondence also briefly discusses the desire of the Ruler of Saudi Arabia, Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] to establish a customs post in Wafra.

The majority of the correspondence in the file is between British officials (including at the Foreign Office, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the British Legation in Jeddah and the Political Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. in Kuwait), but it also contains a limited amount of correspondence the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah, on whose behalf the British acted during the negotiations with Saudi Arabia that led to the agreements being signed.

In addition to correspondence, the file contains several copies of the proposed agreements between Saudi Arabia and Kuwait as follows:

  • 'Trade Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia Jedda, 20th April, 1942 [Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]' in English and Arabic (folios 3-6)
  • 'Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf ofHis Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Exchange of Notes relating to Smuggling Offences] Jedda, 20th April, 1942 [Ratifications exchanged at Jedda, 1st May, 1943]' in English and Arabic (folios 7-11)
  • 'Agreement for the Extradition of Offenders between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf ofHis Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Exchange of Notes relating to Smuggling Offences] Jedda, 20th April, 1942' (folios 16-17)
  • 'Trade Agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia Jedda, 20th April, 1942' (folios 18-19)
  • 'Agreement for Friendship and Neighbourly Relations between the Government of the United Kingdom (acting on behalf of His Highness the Sheikh of Koweit) and the Government of Saudi Arabia [With Schedule and Exchange of Notes containing Lists of Tribes], Jedda, April 20, 1942' (folios 20-21).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (83 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 85; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/21(4) 'Persian Gulf: Koweit-Saudi relations. Trade, Bon Voisinage and Extradition Agreements. Desire of Ibn Saud to Establish Customs Post at Wafra' [‎52r] (103/170), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3735, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100045875037.0x000068> [accessed 9 December 2019]

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