Coll 6/21(2) 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with H.M.G.: Saudi Legation in London and British Minister in Jeddah. Prolongation of Treaty of Jedda.' [4v] (8/761)
The record is made up of 1 file (379 folios). It was created in 14 Jan 1935-12 Apr 1947. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
Exchange of Notes between His Majesty’s Government in
the United Kingdom and the Government of Saudi
Arabia prolonging the Treaty of Jedda of 20th May,
1927,(') as modified by the Exchange of Notes of
3rd October, 1936.( 2 )
Mecca!Jedda, 3rd October, 1943
Sheikh Yusuf Yasin to Mr. S. R. Jordan
Ministry of Foreign Affairs,
ITt*?! rml a lion i M! ecca, Qdh Shaururai, 130.3
Your Excellency, _ (3rd October, 1943)
Article 8 of the Treaty signed at Jddda on 18th Zul Qa da, 134«),
corresponding with 20th May, 1927, provided that the Treaty should come
into force on the day of the. exchange of ratifications (which was
17th September, 1927, corresponding with the 11th Rabi ul Awwal, 1346) and
be binding during seven years from that date. In case neither of the High
Contracting Parties should have given notice to the other six months before
the expiration of the said period of seven years of his intention to terminate
the Treaty, it was to remain in force until the expiration of six months from
the date on which either of the parties should have given notice of termina
tion to the other party. By an exchange of Notes of 3rd October, 1936,
corresponding with the 17th Rajab, 1355, it was provided that the two
Governments “ have reciprocally agreed to abolish for a period of seven solar
years from to-day’s date their right to give six months’ notice of their wish
to terminate the said Treaty as provided for in Article 8 thereof.” The
period of seven years aforesaid terminates on 3rd October, 1943, corresponding
with the 4th Shawwal, 1362, but both Governments desire to place their
relations on a more stable basis. Consequently the Saudi Arabian Govern
ment propose that as from the 4th Shawwal, 1362, corresponding with
3rd October, 1943, the period during which the Treaty of Jedda shall be
binding shall be as follows: —
The Treaty of Jedda concluded on 18th Zul Qa’da, 1345, corresponding
with 20th May, 1927, between His Majesty the King of Saudi Arabia (the
King of the Hejaz, Nejd and Dependencies) and His Majesty The King
of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas,
Emperor of India, shall as from the 4th Shawwal, 1362, corresponding
with 3rd October, 1943, be automatically prolonged for successive periods
of seven solar years unless either of the two High Contracting Parties
shall have given notice to the other six months before the expiration of
any of the said periods of seven solar years of his intention to modify or
terminate the Treaty.
This Note, together with your Excellency’s reply confirming that the
Government of the United Kingdom accept this proposal, shall constitute a
mutually binding agreement between our two Governments which shall come
into force from to-day’s date.
Please accept, &c.
Acting Minister for Foreign Affairs.
(9 “ Treaty Series No. 25 (1927).” Cmd. 2951.
(a) “ Treaty Series No. 10 (1937),” Cmd. 5380.
About this item
This file, like the previous volume (IOR/L/PS/12/2087), concerns relations between the British Government and the Government of Saudi Arabia.
The file largely consists of copies of Foreign Office correspondence, mainly between His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, Sir Reader William Bullard, Hugh Stonehewer Bird, and Stanley R Jordan successively) and officials of the Foreign Office. Other prominent correspondents include the following: the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; His Majesty's Chargé d’Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert, succeeded by Alan Charles Trott); His Majesty's Ambassador in Baghdad (Sir Kinahan Cornwallis); Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd]; Amir Faisal [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd], Minister of Foreign Affairs for Saudi Arabia; officials of the Colonial Office and the War Office.
The correspondence documents the progression of negotiations for a general settlement between the two governments, which would result in the initial prolongation of the validity of the Treaty of Jedda (the treaty signed between Britain and Ibn Saud in 1927, which initially expired in September 1934) for a period of seven years from 1936 (and for another seven years from 1943).
In addition to discussing matters relating to the proposed general settlement (e.g. the eastern and south-eastern boundaries of Saudi Arabia, slavery regulations, arms traffic, and Saudi debts), the correspondence also documents various visits and meetings, including the following:
- The visit of Amir Saud [Āl Sa‘ūd, Sa‘ūd bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz, heir apparent of Ibn Saud] to Britain (17 June-1 July 1935), accompanied by Fuad Bey Hamza, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs for Saudi Arabia.
- Further meetings at the Foreign Office between Fuad Bey Hamza, Hafiz Wahba (Saudi Minister in London), Sir Andrew Ryan, George William Rendel (Head of the Foreign Office's Eastern Department), and other Foreign Office officials, in July 1935, following on from meetings in September 1934.
- Sir Andrew Ryan's meetings with Ibn Saud in Riyadh in December 1935 and in Jedda in February 1936.
- Four interviews held between Ibn Saud, Sir Reader William Bullard and George William Rendel, in Jedda, during March 1937.
Also discussed are matters relating to the Second World War, including:
- An exchange of letters between Ibn Saud and the British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, in early 1939, which principally relate to Ibn Saud's concerns regarding his country's security in the event of the beginning of general hostilities.
- German radio broadcasts in Jedda during the first few weeks of the Second World War and their possible effect on the Jedda population.
- The possibility of Iraq and Saudi Arabia formally joining the Allies in the Second World War.
In addition to correspondence the file includes the following: a copy of a programme for Amir Saud's visit to Britain (ff 339-348); exchanges of notes (in English and Arabic) between the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the British Legation at Jedda, confirming the prolongation of the Treaty of Jedda, dated 1936 and 1943 respectively (ff 189-192 and ff 4-5); a sketch map showing air routes over Saudi Arabia and Iraq (f 31v).
Although the material in this file falls inside the date range of 1935-1943, the final document in the file does include an additional date stamp which is marked '12 April 1947'.
The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence.
- Extent and format
- 1 file (379 folios)
The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 380; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.
- Written in
- English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script View the complete information for this record
Use and share this item
- Share this item
Coll 6/21(2) 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with H.M.G.: Saudi Legation in London and British Minister in Jeddah. Prolongation of Treaty of Jedda.' [4v] (8/761), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2088, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100048209023.0x00000b> [accessed 17 November 2019]
Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.
<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100048209023.0x00000b">Coll 6/21(2) 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with H.M.G.: Saudi Legation in London and British Minister in Jeddah. Prolongation of Treaty of Jedda.' [‎4v] (8/761)</a> <a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100048209023.0x00000b"> <img src="https://images.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000000555.0x000272/IOR_L_PS_12_2088_0011.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" /> </a>
Copyright: How to use this content
- Coll 6/21(2) 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with H.M.G.: Saudi Legation in London and British Minister in Jeddah. Prolongation of Treaty of Jedda.'
- 189v:190r, 191v, 4v, 5v
- Government of Saudi Arabia
- Usage terms
- The copyright status is unknown. Please contact [email protected] with any information you have regarding this item.