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Coll 6/21(2) 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with H.M.G.: Saudi Legation in London and British Minister in Jeddah. Prolongation of Treaty of Jedda.' [‎26v] (52/761)

The record is made up of 1 file (379 folios). It was created in 14 Jan 1935-12 Apr 1947. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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and the 26-Power Pact is an important measure
directed against the Axis Powers, In these
circumstances Ibn Saud has no doubt already felt" " ’
that the time may have come for him to reconsider,
his own position, lis Majesty’s Government would'
of course greatly welcome a decision by Ibn Saud to
declare the existence of a state of war between Saudi
Arabia and tne Axis Powers. They feel that such a
declaration by His Maiesty, in view of his great
intlucnce throughout the Moslem world, would have
a most valuable, effect, and His Majesty's Government
are sure that Ion Saud s own inclination would be to
use his great influence to help our cause in everv “*
possible way, J
should then explain that we have reason
the Iraqi Government are now considering
the declaration of a state of war against Germany and Izely
Wp + d M 0 £ . thear desire to adhere to the 26-Power Pact/
He think it i-ost desirable that any action which may
be decided upon by Ibn Saud and by the Iraqi
Government should be properly co-ordinated, and in our
ary eventual declarations by Saudi Arabia and Irah----
should be made simultaneously, do not want Iraq
to act first and Saudi Arabia to follow. x
+ -,?* regards the Iraqi Government's desire
/ ?4'h ere to the 26-Power Pact, you could explain the
position^on lines of paragraph 4 of mv telearrm Hn. PR
to Hagaad [of 26th January] and add that it is of '
se open to any State that is ready to employ its
lull resources against those members of the Axis
with whom it is at Tfar to inform the United States
Government of its desire to accede,
• n ? au( ^ will no doubt ask what this
will involve in practise and to what extent we shall
tf 1 ? take military or other action on our
behai-i, Commander in Chief, Middle East, has been
requested to state.: his views in detail regarding
military desid erata, see your telegram No l 20^,
January 11th] p"aragraph h, but if may take some time
S'-, ?l sl ? n P°i n t to be reached. • Your‘departure
i or Riyadh should iiot be delayed merely because full
details on tms point have not yet reached you. You
clearly cannot delay indefinitely your reply to Ibn Saud’s
invitation, and any further delay increases the possibility
oi a leakage at Bagdad which might compromise your
chances of success.
u n 7 -. J e Ply on general lines to Ibn Saud’s enquiry
would be to following effect. Declaration of war by
fP n Sf-ud against Germany and Italy would mean of course'
that Ibn Saud would become our Ally in the fullest sense
ol the term. The extent of the assistance which he mio-ht
be asked to provide for the Allied cause is a question
which it is perhaps unnecessary to determine precisely
m advance, Ibn Saud may, however, be assured that any
requests /
• 9

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Content

This file, like the previous volume (IOR/L/PS/12/2087), concerns relations between the British Government and the Government of Saudi Arabia.

The file largely consists of copies of Foreign Office correspondence, mainly between His Majesty's Minister at Jedda (Sir Andrew Ryan, Sir Reader William Bullard, Hugh Stonehewer Bird, and Stanley R Jordan successively) and officials of the Foreign Office. Other prominent correspondents include the following: the Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; His Majesty's Chargé d’Affaires to Jedda (Albert Spencer Calvert, succeeded by Alan Charles Trott); His Majesty's Ambassador in Baghdad (Sir Kinahan Cornwallis); Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd]; Amir Faisal [Fayṣal bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd], Minister of Foreign Affairs for Saudi Arabia; officials of the Colonial Office and the War Office.

The correspondence documents the progression of negotiations for a general settlement between the two governments, which would result in the initial prolongation of the validity of the Treaty of Jedda (the treaty signed between Britain and Ibn Saud in 1927, which initially expired in September 1934) for a period of seven years from 1936 (and for another seven years from 1943).

In addition to discussing matters relating to the proposed general settlement (e.g. the eastern and south-eastern boundaries of Saudi Arabia, slavery regulations, arms traffic, and Saudi debts), the correspondence also documents various visits and meetings, including the following:

  • The visit of Amir Saud [Āl Sa‘ūd, Sa‘ūd bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz, heir apparent of Ibn Saud] to Britain (17 June-1 July 1935), accompanied by Fuad Bey Hamza, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs for Saudi Arabia.
  • Further meetings at the Foreign Office between Fuad Bey Hamza, Hafiz Wahba (Saudi Minister in London), Sir Andrew Ryan, George William Rendel (Head of the Foreign Office's Eastern Department), and other Foreign Office officials, in July 1935, following on from meetings in September 1934.
  • Sir Andrew Ryan's meetings with Ibn Saud in Riyadh in December 1935 and in Jedda in February 1936.
  • Four interviews held between Ibn Saud, Sir Reader William Bullard and George William Rendel, in Jedda, during March 1937.

Also discussed are matters relating to the Second World War, including:

  • An exchange of letters between Ibn Saud and the British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, in early 1939, which principally relate to Ibn Saud's concerns regarding his country's security in the event of the beginning of general hostilities.
  • German radio broadcasts in Jedda during the first few weeks of the Second World War and their possible effect on the Jedda population.
  • The possibility of Iraq and Saudi Arabia formally joining the Allies in the Second World War.

In addition to correspondence the file includes the following: a copy of a programme for Amir Saud's visit to Britain (ff 339-348); exchanges of notes (in English and Arabic) between the Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the British Legation at Jedda, confirming the prolongation of the Treaty of Jedda, dated 1936 and 1943 respectively (ff 189-192 and ff 4-5); a sketch map showing air routes over Saudi Arabia and Iraq (f 31v).

Although the material in this file falls inside the date range of 1935-1943, the final document in the file does include an additional date stamp which is marked '12 April 1947'.

The file includes two dividers which give a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (379 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 380; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 6/21(2) 'Saudi Arabia: Relations with H.M.G.: Saudi Legation in London and British Minister in Jeddah. Prolongation of Treaty of Jedda.' [‎26v] (52/761), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2088, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/universal-viewer/81055/vdc_100048209023.0x000037> [accessed 22 November 2019]

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