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Coll 30/110(2) 'Oil: Oil concessions on the Trucial Coast. Negotiations with Sheikhs. Ras-al-Khaimah Agreement. Abu Dhabi.' [‎89r] (177/917)

The record is made up of 1 file (453 folios). It was created in 18 Jun 1936-15 Jul 1946. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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2
' f
We would, however, desire that, so far as possible,
improvement should be in respect of payments between
which direct comparison is difficult, rather than in the
rate of royalty, and that there should be as little
obvious differentiation between the Sheikhs as possible.
(3) Sheikhs co-operation in Political Agreement.
The Admiralty has felt considerable doubt as
to the advisability or necessity of relaxing, for the
Sheikhs of Abu Dhabi and Has al Khaimah, and the lesser
recalcitrant Sheikhs, the formalities insisted on for
instance at Debai,
The reasons for our doubts may be summarised
(a) It is true that the need for co-operation in
the Political Agreement did apparently deter
Has al Khaimah from signing. This
Ras al Khaimah, himself, having stood out so
long, may be unwilling to sign on the
original terms even if we relax this
condition for him.
We may well, therefore, be no better off,
but have suffered some loss of prestige, if
we give way on the Political Agreement at
this juncture.
(b) Also only after considerable discussion did
we give way, and then only partially, to
the Sultan of Muscat^, over the same
question. It will^help our relations with
him, if, after so much difficulty with him.
arguments adduced to the contrary, to
be a valuable asset in certain contingencies.
The safeguards in the agreements about which
the Admiralty is particularly concerned are:-
(i) the provision stipulating that the
concessionnaire shall remain British.
(ii) the Pre-emption clause attaching to the
Political Agreement.
(1 ii; the Refinery Agreements v/ith the Companies.
as follows
cp.z. ^4^ *)
O^Xy A, a
consideration has v not,so far as we can see,
arisen at Abu Dhabi, and there is no
indication that Abu Dhabi would fall into
line if this accepted procedure were dropped,
we now give way, more easily, and more
completely, to the lesser Sheikhs.
(c) The Sheikhs' sanction does appear, in spite of
Provided /

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Content

The file concerns negotiations between Petroleum Concessions Limited (PCL) and the rulers of several states on the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. over oil concession agreements. Petroleum Concessions Limited was the company approved by the British Government to seek oil concessions in the area; it later operated under its subsidiary company Petroleum Development ( Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ) Limited. The papers principally relate to Ras-al-Khaimah and Abu Dhabi, but also concern Dubai, Sharjah, Umm-al-Qaiwain, Ajman, and Kalba.

The papers consist of correspondence and memoranda issued by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , and the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrain; and correspondence from the oil companies involved and local rulers (including four folios in Arabic, with English translations).

The papers cover: correspondence concerning undertakings by local rulers to protect oil surveying parties in their territories, and the amount of their liability in the event of any incidents; the involvement of Major Frank Holmes and Haji Williamson [William Richard Williamson]; the demarcation of boundaries in the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ; draft agreements relating to Ras-al-Khaimah; British concern over interest in the area on the part of the American company California Arabian Standard Oil; the definition of the phrase 'the Trucial Sheikhs' (folios 386-387); papers concerning a request by PCL for permission from the British Government to employ a French assistant geologist (August-September 1937); a PCL report on the progress of negotiations in Abu Thabi [Abu Dhabi], February 1938 (folios 218-226); other draft agreements; minutes of meetings between British officials and PCL; statement giving the financial terms of certain oil agreements in Arabia (folios 144-147); and the prolongation of the agreement between the Ruler of Ras-al-Khaimah, Shaikh Sultan bin Salem, and Petroleum Development ( Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. ) Limited in 1941, as a result of the international situation (the Second World War, 1939-45).

The file includes a divider, which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the file by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 file (453 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the file.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 454; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. An additional foliation sequence is present in parallel between ff 2-454; these numbers are also written in pencil, but are not circled. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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Coll 30/110(2) 'Oil: Oil concessions on the Trucial Coast. Negotiations with Sheikhs. Ras-al-Khaimah Agreement. Abu Dhabi.' [‎89r] (177/917), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3836, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100050244071.0x0000b4> [accessed 21 October 2019]

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