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Coll 28/65 ‘Persia. Perso-Soviet Commercial Relations.’ [‎98r] (196/482)

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The record is made up of 1 file (239 folios). It was created in 23 Mar 1933-30 May 1940. It was written in English, French and Russian. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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THIS DOCUMENT IS THE PROPERTY OF HIS BRITANNIC MAJESTY’S GOVERNMENT
PERSIA.
CONFIDENTIAL.
October 21 , 1935.
Section 3.
[E 6277/146/34]
Mr. Knatchbull-Hugessen to Sir Samuel Hoare. — (Received October 21.)
(No. 438.)
Sir, Tehran, October 5, 1935.
IN the fourth paragraph of my despatch No. 391 E. of the 7th September
last, I had the honour to inform you that the chorus of expressions of pleasure
which was voiced by the Iranian press at the signature of the Irano-Soviet Treaty
of Commerce had been somewhat marred by a few discordant notes. Harmony
was soon restored, however, and the Iranian Exhibition at Leningrad and the visit
to Russia of the special Iranian delegation to attend the opening ceremonies
have now afforded the occasion for the publication of a number of articles which
display the most friendly sentiments towards the Soviet Union.
2 . I do not think it necessary to trouble you with any of these articles in full,
since the following quotations from an article in the Itelaat will give you an
adequate idea of their general tenor. This paper speaks of the visit of the
Iranian delegation as marking “ a favourable phase in the history of cultural
relations between Iran and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics,” and talks of
the “friendly reception” accorded to the visitors and the “open and sincere
hospitality which they found throughout the country.” The friendly memories
brought back by the delegation “ cannot and will not be forgotten and the Iranian
nation will not forget the labours of the Soviet savants in the field of
Iranian art, and the “sincerely expressed opinions vouchsafed in regard to the
progress achieved by the regenerated Iran of to-day. The more we progress, the
more will our relations with our neighbour and friend be consolidated and
developed,” and congresses, meetings and other contacts “are firm proofs of
good mutual understanding. The Iranian nation will not forget the great and
loyal activity displayed by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in showing to
the entire world the influence of Iranian art on human civilisation.”
3. I do not suggest for one moment that these friendly feelings will
necessarily prove lasting, but it is interesting to note their expression, even if they
be but transitory.
4. I am sending copies of this despatch to the Foreign Secretary to the
Government of India and to FI is Majesty’s Ambassador at Moscow, No. 109 M.
I have, &c.
H. M. KNATCHBULL HUGESSEN.
[540 x—3]

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Content

Correspondence, newspaper cuttings, treaties and other papers, reporting on commercial relations between Persia [Iran] and Russia. The papers cover: a deterioration in relations between Persia and Russia in 1932-33, culminating in the ban on Russian imports into Persia; the Persian Government’s Foreign Trade Monopoly Act of 1933 (ff 218-223); the Irano-Soviet Treaty of Establishment, Commerce and Navigation, agreed between the two nations in 1935; a copy of the treaty in French (ff 101-106); a further printed copy of the treaty in French and Russian (ff 42-85); the termination of the 1935 treaty in 1938; the agreement of a new Treaty of Commerce and Navigation in 1940, created in response to events in the Second World War (ff 3-7).

The file’s principal correspondents are: HM’s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary at Tehran, Reginald Hervey Hoare, Hughe Montgomery Knatchbull Hugesson, Horace James Seymour; the British Chargé d’Affaires at Tehran, Victor Alexander Louis Mallet; the Commercial Secretary at the British Legation in Tehran, Sydney Simmonds; HM’s Ambassador to Russia, the Viscount Chilston, Aretas Akers-Douglas; Noel Hughes Havelock Charles of the British Embassy in Moscow.

The file includes several items in French, being newspaper cuttings and texts from the Persian newspapers Le Messager de Teheran and Le Journal de Tehran.

Extent and format
1 file (239 folios)
Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the last folio with 240; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. A previous foliation sequence, which is also circled, has been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English, French and Russian in Latin and Cyrillic script
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Coll 28/65 ‘Persia. Perso-Soviet Commercial Relations.’ [‎98r] (196/482), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/3471, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100061593622.0x0000c7> [accessed 22 October 2019]

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