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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎5r] (14/1062)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (527 folios). It was created in 6 Jan 1929-15 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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F!LE COPY
(36)
52
KUWAIT,
le 24ih June
Memorandum from the C. G., Bushire, to the PoLiTiSkw^
No. 1488/53/12-IV., dated the 3rd august 1937.
Reference India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. letter No. P. Z.-3817, 37,
1937, a copy of which has been sent to you. vil.
2. Will you please take action in accordance with paragraph 2 of the
°T e S U °JS letter and me know when the amount has been remitted to
the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ?
3. A copy of this memorandum is being sent to the Secretary of State
tor India and the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India.
(37)
Received on 15th August 1937 with Political Secretary's letter No. P. Z.-46551
37, dated the 29th July 1937.
Letter from Air Ministry, London, to India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , S. W. L, No. S.-1476,
dated the 15th July 1937.
I am directed by the Secretary of State for Air to refer to the despatch
from the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrein (No. T./48-13/2), dated the 16th June
forwarded by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. reference P. Z. 4103/1937.
2. I am to state that the Air Ministry concurs in the terms of the tem
porary Agreement for one year dated the 7th June, 1937, concluded by the
Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Bahrein, with the Sheikh of Dibai, and to request that this
concurrence may be communicated by telegram to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in
the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. with an appreciation of the promptitude with which the
negotiations with the Sheikh were concluded.
(38)
Enclosure in Colonial Office covering letter No. P. Z.-5168/37, dated the
17th August 1937.
Received on 28th August 1937 with Political Secretary's letter No. 32, dated
the 12th August 1937.
Copy of letter from the Governor’s Office, Aden, to Secretary of
State for the Colonies, London, No. Confidential (2), dated the
16th June 1937.
I have the honour to acknowledge receipt of your confidential despatch
of the 24th Mav 1937 regarding the succession to the Sultan Sate of Mukalla,
and to state that I shall discuss the matter with His Highness Sultan Salih,
on his return to Aden, in the manner that you indicate. I do not yet know
the date of his arrival, but I understand that it will be during the month o-
July.
2. In the meantime Sultan Muhammad bin ’ LTmar, son of the late
Sultan ’ Umar and claimant under the Will of Sultan Awadh to the Sultanate
of Mukalla, has arrived and is remaining here temporarily to press his case.
He has not yet stated it fully but I have no doubt that he will base it not
onlv on the Will of Sultan Awadh but also on the Agreement made between
his^father, the late Sultan ’ Umar, and the present Sultan at Hyderabad m
Trdia on 24th June 1922, to which he has already referred m a recent letter
to me Copies of this agreement and of the Will of Sultan Awadh were sent
to your predecessor as accompaniments to Major-General Scott s despatch
No. 3 67, dated the 16th May 1923. For convenience I propose to send you
fresh copies of both the documents. a ,
3. It will be seen that the Agreement of 1922, to which thejresent Sultan
appended h ^ s ^“^ u gC h s n 0 / ss a '^opcsef irjustify his’intention to dishonour
it g It wdl be obLv^d that although General Scott “P^ed
of Ms despatch of 16th May 1923 that the Agreement should be recognise
59 C) ExAfijursDe^t
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Content

This volume compiles printed copies of letters, telegrams, memoranda and newspaper extracts relating to Britain's involvement across the Arabian Peninsula during the period 1929-1938. Whilst the correspondence encompasses all matters concerning British interests in the region, much of it relates to Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia). Matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

  • Reports of unrest in the Hejaz.
  • Relations between Imam Yeha Hamid-Ud-Din [Yaḥyá Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn, Imam of Yemen] and Ibn Saud.
  • Reports of raids and arms trafficking on the Transjordan-Nejd frontier.
  • Reports of the proceedings of British naval ships in the Red Sea.
  • Details of the Akhwan [Ikhwan] revolt against Ibn Saud, including the movements of one of the revolt's leaders, Faisal Dawish [Fayṣal bin Sulṭān al-Dawīsh], and his surrender to the British in Kuwait.
  • Relations between Kuwait and Nejd.
  • Relations between Iraq and Nejd, including a proposed meeting between Ibn Saud and King Faisal [Fayṣal] of Iraq, and reports of a treaty of alliance between Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
  • Objections from the Hejaz Government to Royal Air Force aircraft flying over Nejd territory.
  • The purchase of arms by the Hejaz Government from Poland.
  • Ibn Saud's annexation of Asir.
  • The death of King Hussein [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī].
  • Harry St John Bridger Philby's conversion to Islam, his mapping of Rub-al-Khali, and his reported spreading of Saudi propaganda in the Aden Protectorate.
  • The currency exchange crisis in the Hejaz-Nejd and the financial situation in the kingdom generally.
  • Reports on a survey of the water and mineral content of the Hejaz coastal area.
  • Relations between Soviet Russia and Saudi Arabia.
  • The emigration of Jews from Yemen to Palestine, via Aden.
  • British fears that Italy might harbour ambitions to annex Yemen.
  • Saudi oil concessions.
  • Italian-Saudi relations.

Prominent correspondents include the following: the British Agent (later His Majesty's Chargé d’Affaires) at Jeddah; His Majesty's Minister at Jeddah; the High Commissioner for Egypt; the High Commissioner for Iraq; the High Commissioner for Transjordan; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (later Chief Commissioner, and later still, Governor), Aden; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; His Majesty's Ambassador to Iraq; His Majesty's Ambassador to Italy; the Secretary of State for the Colonies; the Minister (and Acting Minister) for Foreign Affairs for the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia); Ibn Saud; King Feisal of Iraq; the Prime Minister of Iraq; various officials of the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office, the Air Ministry, and the Admiralty.

The French material in the volume consists of several items of correspondence and a copy of a treaty between France and Yemen, which was signed in April 1936.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (527 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The items of correspondence are divided (roughly) into various sections. Each extract or item of correspondence within these sections has its own number, which is enclosed in brackets. These numbers proceed in ascending (and approximate chronological) order from left to right; however, the sections themselves proceed in reverse, from the rear to the front of the volume, in distinct groups (e.g. for 1929 numbers 1-23, which are located at folios 517-526, are followed by numbers 24-49 at folios 509-516, which are then followed by numbers 50-89 at folios 494-508, and so on).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 529; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: each section of correspondence within the volume (as described in the arrangement field) has its own pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎5r] (14/1062), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2071, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100061765163.0x00000f> [accessed 20 November 2019]

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