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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎83r] (170/1062)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (527 folios). It was created in 6 Jan 1929-15 Jan 1938. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Enclosure in Foreign Office Coyering letter, dated 27th December 1935.
Letter irom H. M s Charge d’affaires, Jidda, to the Foreign Office
No. 336, dated the 25th November 1935.
7 TiS'SS tS* S t'’
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the recent arrival at 1?ivnrl } ^ mm ~^ 1 'Q ura of 22nd November announced
mb Tabira Jllfh R T' dh ^ 0m Ira< l en route for Mecca of Seyyid Muham-
Ms peactwith fSfW' Jhis notorious anti-Saudi intriguer has made
livino- abroad and o n(Jerth ® terms of the amnesty to political offenders
ness and bnsnifald’ a “°rd m f . to this newspaper’s account, was shown kind
ness and hospitality by the King during his visit to Riyadh Sevvid
Muhammad at his audience with Ibn Sand delivered a speech a report of
which, it is promised, will appear in the next “Umm-al-Qura”’. P
Jordan 1 ^ Sendlng copies of this <les P atch to Bagdad, Aden and Trans-
Enclo to S. N. (9).,
r N °^ LeTIER FR ni TI - CHAR, e d’affaires, Jedda, tc the Foreign Office,
No. 219, dated the 30th July 1935.
o-. J Vlt ^ r 1 eference to jour predecessor’s printed despatch No. 46 (E.-561/
qv i Februar y 1^33, relative to the anti-Saudi activities of
feneykh Abdur Rauf as-Sabban, I have the honour to inform you that the
iUmm al Qura of the 26th July announced the return of this individual to
this country from Iraq, having been granted a pardon by the King. He
had arrived in Mecca and was accompanied by Sheykh Ahmad al Mujallid,
having travelled by way of Riyadh where, according to a subsequent para
graph, he delivered a speech, in the King’s presence, of a laudatory and
supplicatory nature. Sheykh Abdur Rauf as-Sabban’s varied past of anti-
Saudi intrigue, summarised in Jedda Personalities No. 19, would, there
fore, appear to have been forgiven. Sheykh Ahmad al-Mujallid does not
seem to have come so prominently to notice, but he also is described as
having been pardoned by Ibn Saud. I
2. A similar, but less explicit, reference to Sheykh Abdur Rauf appear
ed in the Saut al Hejaz of the 23rd July, which limited itself to the
explanation that he was “a Hejazi subject who had stayed for some years
at Bagdad the capital of Iraq, our sister country”. ,
3. I am sending a copy of this despatch to His Majesty’s Ambassador
at Bagdad.
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s» s (Received on 25th January 1936, with Political Secretary’s letter No. S,
dated 9th January 1936.)
Treaty^ Letter from H. M.’s Charge d’affaires, Jedda, to the Foreign Office,
No. 339, DATED THE 26TH NOVEMBER 1935.
,J e 5l Mr. Calvert to Sir Samuel Hoare.—(Received Decemher 16.)
With reference to my despatch No. 277 of the 8th October, relative to
t* *5 the activities of the Saudi Arabian Mining Syndicate (Limited), I have
* f: the honour to inform you that the operations of this concern appear to be

About this item

Content

This volume compiles printed copies of letters, telegrams, memoranda and newspaper extracts relating to Britain's involvement across the Arabian Peninsula during the period 1929-1938. Whilst the correspondence encompasses all matters concerning British interests in the region, much of it relates to Ibn Saud [‘Abd al-‘Azīz bin ‘Abd al-Raḥmān bin Fayṣal Āl Sa‘ūd] and the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia). Matters discussed in the correspondence include the following:

  • Reports of unrest in the Hejaz.
  • Relations between Imam Yeha Hamid-Ud-Din [Yaḥyá Muḥammad Ḥamīd al-Dīn, Imam of Yemen] and Ibn Saud.
  • Reports of raids and arms trafficking on the Transjordan-Nejd frontier.
  • Reports of the proceedings of British naval ships in the Red Sea.
  • Details of the Akhwan [Ikhwan] revolt against Ibn Saud, including the movements of one of the revolt's leaders, Faisal Dawish [Fayṣal bin Sulṭān al-Dawīsh], and his surrender to the British in Kuwait.
  • Relations between Kuwait and Nejd.
  • Relations between Iraq and Nejd, including a proposed meeting between Ibn Saud and King Faisal [Fayṣal] of Iraq, and reports of a treaty of alliance between Iraq and Saudi Arabia.
  • Objections from the Hejaz Government to Royal Air Force aircraft flying over Nejd territory.
  • The purchase of arms by the Hejaz Government from Poland.
  • Ibn Saud's annexation of Asir.
  • The death of King Hussein [Ḥusayn bin ‘Alī al-Hāshimī].
  • Harry St John Bridger Philby's conversion to Islam, his mapping of Rub-al-Khali, and his reported spreading of Saudi propaganda in the Aden Protectorate.
  • The currency exchange crisis in the Hejaz-Nejd and the financial situation in the kingdom generally.
  • Reports on a survey of the water and mineral content of the Hejaz coastal area.
  • Relations between Soviet Russia and Saudi Arabia.
  • The emigration of Jews from Yemen to Palestine, via Aden.
  • British fears that Italy might harbour ambitions to annex Yemen.
  • Saudi oil concessions.
  • Italian-Saudi relations.

Prominent correspondents include the following: the British Agent (later His Majesty's Chargé d’Affaires) at Jeddah; His Majesty's Minister at Jeddah; the High Commissioner for Egypt; the High Commissioner for Iraq; the High Commissioner for Transjordan; the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. (later Chief Commissioner, and later still, Governor), Aden; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; His Majesty's Ambassador to Iraq; His Majesty's Ambassador to Italy; the Secretary of State for the Colonies; the Minister (and Acting Minister) for Foreign Affairs for the Kingdom of the Hejaz and Nejd (later Saudi Arabia); Ibn Saud; King Feisal of Iraq; the Prime Minister of Iraq; various officials of the Colonial Office, the Foreign Office, the Air Ministry, and the Admiralty.

The French material in the volume consists of several items of correspondence and a copy of a treaty between France and Yemen, which was signed in April 1936.

The volume includes a divider which gives a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (527 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The items of correspondence are divided (roughly) into various sections. Each extract or item of correspondence within these sections has its own number, which is enclosed in brackets. These numbers proceed in ascending (and approximate chronological) order from left to right; however, the sections themselves proceed in reverse, from the rear to the front of the volume, in distinct groups (e.g. for 1929 numbers 1-23, which are located at folios 517-526, are followed by numbers 24-49 at folios 509-516, which are then followed by numbers 50-89 at folios 494-508, and so on).

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 529; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: each section of correspondence within the volume (as described in the arrangement field) has its own pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Coll 6/8(1) 'Printed Series: 1929 to 1938.' [‎83r] (170/1062), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/12/2071, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100061765163.0x0000ab> [accessed 20 October 2019]

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