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'SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS AND MEASURES OF THE VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDLESTON, VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. I. JANUARY 1899-APRIL 1904. II. DECEMBER 1904-NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV. PERSIA AND THE PERSIAN GULF.' [‎90r] (184/386)

The record is made up of 1 volume (189 folios). It was created in 1907. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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CHAPTER XI.
Telegraphs.
In 1898 it was found tliat tlie submarine cables between Karachi, .Task,
1 1! .. s i.j rc V y ere in a decaying condition and the l)irector-m-Chief of tlie
Trulo European Telegraph Department suggested that, instead of replacing tnem,
an overiand telegrapT line P S hould be constructed from Persia to connect with
the Indian system either at Karachi or at Quetta.
2 The Government of India on being consulted replied in January 1899,
that the cable to the Gulf Ports was a necessity and must he maintained, but
they considered that the advantage of an alternative land line through Kermi »
B-im to Karachi or Quetta would be indisputable and, at that time, were
incline™to favour the route from Regan aid Ladisand the newly opened trade
route to Quetta rather than to Karachi which was later considered better, ilr.
Armstrong was sent to examine the route and submitted a report in the summer
of 1899. His opinion was against the l^ushki route to Ladis or Ko i-i- a 1 v >
and Mr. Wood of the European Telegraph Department who simul aneous y
examined some southern routes pronounced the country from Regan or Pahr '
Gwadur as unsuited for a telegraph line because it was di&cult and unsettled
The Secretary of State was informed of these facts in September 1899 and the
conclusion drawn was that the line should go from Regan ^ Karachi apparently
^rmiXthe Kei yalley and Las Bela. The Secretary of State replied that an
officer n of the Indo-European Telegraph Department
Tj nTY1T)lir to Karachi and that meanwhile the direction of the line east ot I3ampur
should he left open He enclosed memoranda from Mr. Efrach recommending
f fr sh survey o? the Nushki route to Ladis and Robat by the improved road
a tiesn sura y r-nitain Webb Ware south of the Koh-i-Sultan. Mr.
of Ijooto U,. ^ Hi.
eriSmson the whole were unfavourable, but they were based principally on
the views he personally held with regard to the Nushki-Seistan trade rou e.
3. Meanwhile the Persian Government had been approached and on
Ifith August 1901 a Convention was signed at lehran by Sn A. Ilai g
S® whoever possible, inhabited districts. The line was to be built under the
national line m Persia and was to be hnancea oy x re venuo of the
quarters of'sucti'rental to^Sd' ^tuSh^^S
them for the advances made, and one-quarter to be paid aunnally « ? er , ia “
Government The selection of the route to be fo lowed by the line trom
Kerman to India was one of importance and considerable diffleu^.^ Prom
Ke^an ^^^l^frdrt’oTetl.a -Kl Ldeavour to subserve the
constructed and managed by Russian Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. , was rapiaiyappr n t ^
tion. The authorities of the Indo-European Tele p rap P conthorlv route
charge of the cons! ruction of the new line, strongly Tenable hem
P 0l». .f Vi» i Si, A. Uardingc ..d M,,«

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Content

Printed at the GC [Government Central] Press, Simla.

The volume is divided into three parts: Part I (folios 5-47) containing an introduction; Part II (folios 48-125) containing a detailed account; and Part III (folios 126-188) containing despatches and correspondence connected with Part I Chapter IV ('The Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ', folios 28-47).

Part I gives an overview of policy and events in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. region during Curzon's period as Viceroy [1899-1905], with sections on British policy in Persia; the maintenance and extension of British interests; Seistan [Sīstān]; and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Part II contains more detailed accounts of selected topics, including sections on British policy in Persia, customs and finance, quarantine, administration, communications, and British and Russian activity in Seistan. The despatches and correspondence in Part III include correspondence from the Government of India in the Foreign Department, the Secretary of State for India, and the Viceroy; addresses and speeches by Curzon; and notes of interviews between Curzon and local rulers.

Mss Eur F111/531-534 consist of four identical printed and bound volumes. However, the four volumes each show a small number of different manuscript annotations and corrections.

This volume contains manuscript additions on folios 8, 11-12, 14, 42 (a sixteen word note concerning the use by the Shaikh of Koweit [Kuwait] of a distinctive colour [flag] for Kuwait shipping), and 62-66.

Extent and format
1 volume (189 folios)
Arrangement

The volume contains a list of Parts I-III on folio 4; a table of contents of Part I on folio 6; a table of contents of Part II on folio 49; and a table of contents of Part III on folios 127-129, which gives a reference to the paragraph of Part I Chapter IV that the despatch or correspondence is intended to illustrate.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 191; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

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English in Latin script
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'SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS AND MEASURES OF THE VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDLESTON, VICEROY AND GOVERNOR-GENERAL OF INDIA IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. I. JANUARY 1899-APRIL 1904. II. DECEMBER 1904-NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV. PERSIA AND THE PERSIAN GULF.' [‎90r] (184/386), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/534, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100070118029.0x0000b9> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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