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File 4011/1923 Pt 1 'PERSIAN GULF NEGOTIATIONS 1928-33. BASIDU.' [‎50v] (105/1306)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (649 folios). It was created in 22 Oct 1923-29 Nov 1933. It was written in English, French and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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Governor to believe those claims to be well founded. J he detachment w a <
transferred from Rasool Khima to that island with the sanction of the Imam
This document will enable you to draw from the Government of Persia a
statement of the grounds on which her pretensions to Kishm may be founded
and which may be as untenable as her claim to tribute from Muscat which the
Imam has refused to pay and l ersia has been unable to exact since the de^h
of Shah Abbas
“ (7) Should it appear impossible to avoid hostilities by other means.
vou are empowered to propose to the Prince that the detachment should be
withdrawn from Kishm to Muscat .... pending the negotiation regarding
the ultimate fate of it. You will explain that this concession originates m
the reluctance of this Government to disturb the friendship subsisting
between the British and Persian nations, especially on a point which has not
been decided by the Governor-General-in-Council; that the removal of the
troops is not to’be interpreted into a recognition of the King of Persia's title
to Kishm nor to act as a restraint on our reoccupying the position, if the
decision of the Supreme Government, or any other cause, should render such
a course expedient. . .
(Bombay Government letter to Dr. Jukes, No. 98 of May 16, 1821.)
28. On the 14th August, 1821, Dr. Jukes submitted to the Government of
Bombay the following note on the origin of the Muscat title to Kishm, Ormuz, &c..
which, in view of its importance, is reproduced in full.
29. Report, dated the \Ath August, 1821, of Dr. Jukes, Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. ,
Kishm, as to the origin of the connexion of the Imams of Muscat with Kishm,
Ormuz, Bandar Abbas, and other parts of the Persian coast near that place:—
“ The Persian Ministers having expressed their dissatisfaction at the small
detachment of British troops being stationed on the Island of Kishm, and
considering that it was likely to become a subject of future discussion between
myself and the Persian Government, I have lost no opportunity of obtaining
every information I could collect from the best authorities as to the sovereignty
of the island, both at Muscat and Kishm, and although the information I have
obtained is not so complete and satisfactory as I could wish, I beg leave respect
fully to submit it to the consideration of the Honourable the Governor-in-Council.
(2) The Bini Maainee tribe originally resided at Koong on the Persian
coast, and it is now about seventy or eighty years since Sheikh Abdulla Maainee
took the Island of Kishm from Muila Aly Shah, who was then chief of the island,
on behalf of the Persian Government; and Sheikh Abdulla afterwards farmed
Bandar Abbas and its dependencies from Nadir Shah.
(3) I he Bini Maainee tribe remained in possession of the island for many
yeais, and after Nadir Shah’s death, continued to pay tribute to the present
reigning family of Persia, for Bandar Abbas and its dependencies which they
(4) About twenty-six or twenty-seven years ago the inhabitants of Kishm.
nemg dissatisfied with the tyrannical system adopted towards them by Muila
ussan i aainee, then 1 C hief and Governor, solicited His Plighness Syed Sultan,
T™a mam 0 Muscat, to take the islands under his government and control; the
if with an army, and by force of arms took possession
haq pvpv lln ds ° f Klsl T’ B ; lndar Abbas and Ormuz from Mulla Hussein, and it
' under . the general control of the Imam of Muscat,
arms fmm Vr m "u' 10 ' not ' i '' d bst a iKling he had taken these places by forte of
denendenrips Maainee, continued to farm Bandar Abbas and its
before him and Ida * 4 * 6 ^, ers ! a n Government, as the Bini Maainee tribe had done
the same - he na vs 4 non t ' e< Saeed > tj 16 present Imam of Muscat, continues to do
Abbas inclndin r \r ton *' lns annually for the town and dependencies of Bandar
Chieftain tan,- fn Humeei and Kh *™eer. Syfe-bin-Mubhaun, an Arab
the Imam and Me, t ^ernof of Bandar Abbas, on the part of His Higtoff
Rahman Maainee tb 0 r , ' n '’ er . ^ rot 'i} el --i® Governor of Ormuz. Sheikh Abdu
so that the eovermnpnt 1< i' e r, 110 '’Kishm. is related to his Highness by marriage,
i§ entirely in the h-n, i ° , a ' P r ' nc >P !) l places farmed by the Imam of Musca
Persian Govemmint t ° m he Arabs at P resent - and I do not know whether the
forcibly from them unde!,' en 5 ure to Gsk the attempt of taking these pP'* j
and -cohld command the ‘T C1 '' c ' umsta nces, but as the Imam has several ship-,
mand the Soim ' es (? services) of a great number of buggalas and

About this item

Content

This volume relates to the British occupation of Basidu, situated on Kishm [Qeshm] Island in the Gulf, close to the south coast of Persia [Iran], and occupied by the British since the early 1820s. It is stated in the correspondence that the site had been used mainly as a coal depot for British naval vessels until 1913, and that since then it has been retained on 'political grounds', as a potential bargaining asset in negotiations with Persia.

The correspondence primarily concerns the British claim (or lack thereof) to Basidu, in the event of the Persian Government questioning Britain's ongoing occupation. It covers the history of Basidu's status and the various existing agreements that relate to it, as part of an attempt by the British to gather documentary evidence to support their claim. Also discussed are a number of reported incidents at Basidu, involving British representatives and the local Persian authorities, mainly regarding customs, taxes, and the presence of the British naval guard. In addition, the correspondence touches on Anglo-Persian relations in general, with occasional references being made to ongoing treaty negotiations between the two countries.

The volume's principal correspondents are as follows: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the British Minister in Tehran; the Senior Naval Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty, and the Government of India's Foreign and Political Department. Other notable but less frequent correspondents include the following: the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; the Viceroy of India; the Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station; the Law Officers of the Crown.

Included with the correspondence are several related documents, including the following: two sketch maps (f 622); copies (in English and Arabic) of a treaty dated 1856 between Muscat and Persia, in which the Imam of Muscat acknowledges Kishm Island as being part of the Persian Empire (f 179 and ff 221-223); draft and final copies of an India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. memorandum dated 18 October 1933, outlining Britain's understanding of the history of the status of Basidu from 1720 to 1928, including extracts from nineteenth century reports and related correspondence (ff 46-54 and ff 123-159); a submission of reference, prepared by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Foreign Office, for the Law Officers of the Crown, requesting the latter's legal opinion on the strength of the British claim to Basidu (ff 43-45 and ff 67-83); a copy of a secret report on Basidu, prepared by the Commander-in-Chief at the East Indies Station, containing extracts from the East Indies Station's records and notes from the Senior Naval Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (ff 16-38).

The Arabic language material consists of the aforementioned treaty text. The material written in French consists of small extracts from correspondence and treaty articles. It should be noted that there is no material covering the years 1924 and 1925.

The volume includes two dividers, which give a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (ff 4-5).

Extent and format
1 volume (649 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 4011 ( Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Negotiations) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/1094-1095. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 651; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English, French and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 4011/1923 Pt 1 'PERSIAN GULF NEGOTIATIONS 1928-33. BASIDU.' [‎50v] (105/1306), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/1094, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100077104051.0x00006a> [accessed 14 November 2019]

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