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File 4011/1923 Pt 1 'PERSIAN GULF NEGOTIATIONS 1928-33. BASIDU.' [‎489v] (983/1306)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (649 folios). It was created in 22 Oct 1923-29 Nov 1933. It was written in English, French and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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*
* Sir H. Willocks’
Desp., May 10 1820,
p, 35. “
Persian Note of
Dec. 9 1820. p. 36
(16).
p. 49 (3).
p. 52.
pp. 15. 59.
p. 4.
Pol. Res. to G. of I.,
Aug. 14 1926,
P. 3847/26.
t Aitchison, xii,
Ixi, article 6 .
Lor. i, 2106.
Precis, pp. 14, 16.
p. 18.
reckon those dominions as-appertaining to me hut as appertaining,.,.
Honourable Company.” The Imam simultaneously instructed the Shritl .
Kishm to ^ive every assistance in the enihai kation and conveyance f i
troops. Various places were occupied in the island for the p u ' tle
question, before a decision was finally taken in favour of Basidu in jjg 111
6 An immediate protest in strong teims was received from the Per’
Government against the British occupation of Kishm, and a reference to?
lease granted by the Imam was met by a statement that Muscat was itself
dependency of Persia, and a fortiori Kishm and Henjam, which dependj
from Bunder Abbas* Sooner than risk a rupture of friendly relationswib
Persia, it was decided to remove the British detachment from the town of
Kishm. This was done in February 1822, but the Government of Bombay
in their letter repudiating the unauthorised agreement which had been
entered into by Captain Bruce with the 1 i nice fio\einor of bars, which had
inter alia recognised Persian sovereignty in Kishm, made it clear to the
Persian Government that their action was without prejudice to the decision
on the question of the respective rights in the island of the Imam of Muscat
and of Persia, and that the island would he restored by His Majesty’s
Government to the Imam, from whom they had leased it. As, however, no
equally convenient naval station could be found in the Gulf, Basidu was
again occupied in 1823, from which year until 1879 it remained the head
quarters of the naval squadron in the G ulf. Ko protest appears at the time
to have been made by Persia against its re-occupation, since the date oi
which the British flag has flown in the concession.
7. In 1853 the Persian Government expelled the Muscat representative
from Bunder Abbas and its dependencies (including apparently Kishm),
and the agreement finally reached between Persia and Muscat in 1856
involved not only the payment of an increased rent to Persia by the Sultan
of Muscat, but the recognition as Persian territory “of the two islands of
Ormuz and Kishm, which had been dependencies of Oman.”
8. During the Anglo-Persian War of 1855 Basidu was constantly used as a
British depot, but neither in 1853, 1856, 1864 (wlien the British occupation
was confirmed under Article 6 of the Telegraph Agreement with Sultan
Thoweymee of Muscat,! then lessee of the island from Persia], on the
renewal of the Persian lease to Muscat in 1868, or on the forcible termination
of that lease in the same year by Persia, was any exception taken by Persia
to the British occupation.
9. The legal position of Basidu, which had been raised in 1863 by a claim
from the Persian authorities, which would appear to have been rejected, for
the surrender of a slave who had taken refuge in the concession, was again
raised by a similar demand in the spring of 1868, and by a murder committed
in the same year in the Naval Station.
10. The question was exhaustively considered by the Government of
India, who as a result, on 8th September 1868, informed the Government of
Bombay that in their opinion “the station in question cannot properly be
considered as British territory. It is perfectly true that we have occupied
Basidu either as a naval or coaling station for half a century. But the
island has always been treated by us as a dependency of Bunder Abbas,
and Bunder Abbas and its dependencies, including the island of Kishm,an
consequently Basidu, have been leased to the Sultan of Muscat by the a
of Persia under circumstances with which the Government of Bombay is
perlectly familiar. ... It follows in such circumstances . • / . as
the British Government holds possession of the town of Basidu by permission
oi the Sultan of Muscat, while that potentate derives his lease of h is j
which includes Basidu, from the Shah of Persia . . . that Kishm must sm
he considered as Persian territory. There mav be some obscurity 1°
exact nature of our derivative title to the town of Basidu, and it may w
been thought that our rights over the town existed by continued .
that we had obtained a prescriptive title; but, in lo° kin ^ closely ,crat
question, it becomes evident that our rights are subordinate to those o
which again are, admittedly, entirely subordinate to those of Persia, an

About this item

Content

This volume relates to the British occupation of Basidu, situated on Kishm [Qeshm] Island in the Gulf, close to the south coast of Persia [Iran], and occupied by the British since the early 1820s. It is stated in the correspondence that the site had been used mainly as a coal depot for British naval vessels until 1913, and that since then it has been retained on 'political grounds', as a potential bargaining asset in negotiations with Persia.

The correspondence primarily concerns the British claim (or lack thereof) to Basidu, in the event of the Persian Government questioning Britain's ongoing occupation. It covers the history of Basidu's status and the various existing agreements that relate to it, as part of an attempt by the British to gather documentary evidence to support their claim. Also discussed are a number of reported incidents at Basidu, involving British representatives and the local Persian authorities, mainly regarding customs, taxes, and the presence of the British naval guard. In addition, the correspondence touches on Anglo-Persian relations in general, with occasional references being made to ongoing treaty negotiations between the two countries.

The volume's principal correspondents are as follows: the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; the British Minister in Tehran; the Senior Naval Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. ; officials of the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. , the Foreign Office, the Admiralty, and the Government of India's Foreign and Political Department. Other notable but less frequent correspondents include the following: the Foreign Secretary to the Government of India; the Viceroy of India; the Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station; the Law Officers of the Crown.

Included with the correspondence are several related documents, including the following: two sketch maps (f 622); copies (in English and Arabic) of a treaty dated 1856 between Muscat and Persia, in which the Imam of Muscat acknowledges Kishm Island as being part of the Persian Empire (f 179 and ff 221-223); draft and final copies of an India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. memorandum dated 18 October 1933, outlining Britain's understanding of the history of the status of Basidu from 1720 to 1928, including extracts from nineteenth century reports and related correspondence (ff 46-54 and ff 123-159); a submission of reference, prepared by the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. and the Foreign Office, for the Law Officers of the Crown, requesting the latter's legal opinion on the strength of the British claim to Basidu (ff 43-45 and ff 67-83); a copy of a secret report on Basidu, prepared by the Commander-in-Chief at the East Indies Station, containing extracts from the East Indies Station's records and notes from the Senior Naval Officer in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (ff 16-38).

The Arabic language material consists of the aforementioned treaty text. The material written in French consists of small extracts from correspondence and treaty articles. It should be noted that there is no material covering the years 1924 and 1925.

The volume includes two dividers, which give a list of correspondence references contained in the volume by year. These are placed at the back of the correspondence (ff 4-5).

Extent and format
1 volume (649 folios)
Arrangement

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume.

The subject 4011 ( Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Negotiations) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/1094-1095. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 651; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Written in
English, French and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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File 4011/1923 Pt 1 'PERSIAN GULF NEGOTIATIONS 1928-33. BASIDU.' [‎489v] (983/1306), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/1094, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100077104055.0x0000b8> [accessed 15 November 2019]

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