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'PRINCIPAL DESPATCHES AND CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO PERSIA CONNECTED WITH THE SUMMARY OF EVENTS AND MEASURES OF VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDDLESTON IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. JANUARY 1899 TO NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV-PART IV. PERSIA.' [‎21v] (47/136)

The record is made up of 1 volume (64 folios). It was created in 1908. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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[i6 ]
British sphere of influence in the centre and south. It is to a more critical
examination of this subject that we now turn.
14. Sir M. Durand has in his despatch drawn a line across Persia from
Khanikin on the Turkish frontier on the west, through Kermanshah, Hamadan,
Ispahan, Yezd and Kerman to Seistan and the Afghan frontier on the east,
as indicating approximately the existing line of partition between the British
and Russian spheres of influence both political and commercial in Persia.
15. Polio wing the same order from the west, we concur with what he has
written about the importance of fostering the Baghdad trade route via Kerman
shah to Tehran, British commerce by which approaches in value to £1,000,000
per annum. This is a route of peculiar value both to British and to Indian
trade, and one upon which we should on no account forfeit the supremacy.
We have no hesitation in recommending, with Sir M. Durand, the substitution
of a British Vice-Consul at Kermanshah for the present native agent Non-British agents affiliated with the British Government. : although
.we think that the cost of the proposed appointment which lies outside of what
may be called the more strictly Indian zone, and which will be subordinate to
the Consulate-General at Tehran, should be borne by Imperial and not by
Indian revenues.
16. Whatever be the prospects of opening up, either by road or by railway
(and concerning the latter we are sceptical), the country that lies northward of
the Karun River, and that is inhabited by the Lurs and other nomad tribes, it
is certain that British influence has obtained a material foothold in that corner
of the Shah’s dominions, through which the Karun flows in its middle and lower
course, and where the road now being constructed through the Bakhtiari
country, by contract between the Bakhtiari Chiefs and Messrs. Lynch, should
open an alternative and almost exclusively British door of commercial access to
Ispahan. We do not express any opinion as to the ideas which Sir M. Durand
has more than once put forward as to the desirability of raising a local irregular
force under British officers from the tribes in this part of Persia. Such a
scheme would appear to postulate a firmer and more permanent footing than
we have as yet established in South-West Persia. Nevertheless we think that
no opportunity should be lost of strengthening our influence with the Arab,
Bakhtiari and Lur tribes—an effort to challenge which from a rival quarter
appears likely before long to be made—and we concur in Sir M. Durand’s
recommendations as to the desirability of establishing a Consulate on the
Karun, reserving for a subsequent paragraph our opinion as to the proper
incidence of the cost.
17. Continuing in an easterly direction, we have noticed from the recent
Consular Report of Mr. J. R. Preece, Her Majesty’s Consul at Ispahan, that
“ British trade in Ispahan has shown during the last two years, if not an
absolute decrease, at all events no expansion whatever ”, while great strides
have been made in Russian importations, notably of glassware and hardware.
We agree with Sir M. Durand in thinking that the British Consul should be
raised in respect of title and pay to the same level as the recently arrived
Russian representative, although, as this is a matter which mainly concerns
the English Foreign Office, we are not clear that we are called upon to advise
upon the subject. We cannot, however, too strongly emphasise our opinion
that m any partition either of commercial or political spheres of influence in
Persia, Ispahan, the old (and, if Persia should ultimately break up, possibly a
future) capital, the seat of the Sefavi dynasty, the principal market of Central
Persia, and (far more than Tehran) the focus of Persian nationality must
on every ground, be included in the zone in which British interests are
supreme.
18. We also concur with Sir M. Durand in thinking that British interests
are most inadequately represented at Shiraz by the present native agent Non-British agents affiliated with the British Government. who
is a nonentity, without influence or power; and that the experiment of brinoino*
the Resident m the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , who is also Consul-General for Ears, to reside

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Content

Published by Superintendent Government Printing, India, Calcutta.

The volume consists of a draft Part IV to the Summary of the Principal Events and Measures of the Viceroyalty of His Excellency Lord Curzon of Keddleston, Viceroy and Governor-General of India in the Foreign Department. I. January 1899-April 1904. II. December 1904-November 1905. Volume IV. Persia and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. (Parts I-III), published by GC [Government Central] Press, Simla, 1907 [Mss Eur F111/531-534].

The volume includes a letter from the Foreign Department, Government of India, to Lord Curzon, dated 27 August 1908, stating that an examination of their records had shown that these were the essential despatches, and hoping that the volume would answer Lord Curzon's purpose.

The despatches and correspondence cover the period 1899-1905, and include correspondence from the Secretary of State for India, and HBM's Minister at Tehran, and cover the question of the appointment of an additional consular officer in Persia, 1899 (with map); relations between Britain and Persia; the protection of British interests in Persia; British policy on Persia; the political and financial situation in Persia; and the threat of Russian encroachment.

Extent and format
1 volume (64 folios)
Arrangement

The despatches and correspondence are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the volume. There is a list of contents on folio 6, giving details of name and date of paper, subject, and page number.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the inside front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 66; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Pagination: the volume also contains an original manuscript pagination sequence.

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'PRINCIPAL DESPATCHES AND CORRESPONDENCE RELATING TO PERSIA CONNECTED WITH THE SUMMARY OF EVENTS AND MEASURES OF VICEROYALTY OF HIS EXCELLENCY LORD CURZON OF KEDDLESTON IN THE FOREIGN DEPARTMENT. JANUARY 1899 TO NOVEMBER 1905. VOLUME IV-PART IV. PERSIA.' [‎21v] (47/136), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F111/535, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100083163671.0x000030> [accessed 21 August 2019]

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