Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, maps and other papers concerning the Middle East [21r] (42/220)
The record is made up of 1 file (110 folios). It was created in 27 Aug 1893-19 Dec 1918. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
TEXT OF THE TREATY OF DECEMBER 26, 1915.
In the Name of God the Merciful and Compassionate.
The High British Government on its own part, and Abdul Aziz-bin-Abdur Rahman-bin-Faisal
Al-Saud, Ruler of Najd, El Hassa, Qatif and JvJbanl, and the towns and ports belonging to them, on
behalf of himself, his heirs and successors, and tribesmen, being desirous of confirming and strengthening
the friendly relations which have for a long time existed between the two parties, and with a view
to consolidating their respective interests—the British Government have named and appointed
Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Pgrcy Cox, K.C.S.I., K.C.I.E., British Resident in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , as their
Plenipotentiary, to conclude a treaty for this purpose with Abdul Aziz-bin-Abdur Rahman-bin-Faisal
The said Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Cox and Abdul Aziz-bin-Abdur Rahman-bin-Faisal
Al-Saud (hereafter known as “ Bin Saud ”), have agreed upon and concluded the following articles :—
The British Government do acknowledge and admit that Najd, El Hassa, Qatif aTid Jabail, and
their dependencies and territories, which will be discussed and determined hereafter, and their ports on the
shores -<f the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. are the countries of Bin Saud and of his fathers before him, and do hereby
recognise the said Bin Saud as the independent Ruler thereof and absolute Chief of their tribes, and
after him his sons and descendants by inheritance ; but the selection of the individual shall be in
accordance with the nomination (i.e., by the living Ruler) of his successor; bid with the proviso that he
shall not be a person antagonistic to the British Government in any respect ; such as, for example, in
regard to the terms mentioned in this treaty.
In the event of [“ unprovoked ” omitted] aggression by any foreign Power on the territories of
the countries of the said Bin Saud and his descendants witKout reference to the British Government
and without giving her an opportunity of communicating with Bin Saud and composing the matter,
the British Government will aid Bin Saud to such extent and in such a manner as the British Govern
ment after consulting Bin Saud may consider most effective for protecting his interests and countries.
Bin Saud hereby agrees and promises to refrain from entering into any correspondence, agreement,
or treaty with any foreign nation or Power, and, further, to give immediate notice to the political
authorities of the British Government of any attempt on the part of any other Power to interfere with
the above territories.
Bin Saud hereby undertakes that he will absolutely not cede, sell, mortgage, lease, or otherwise
dispose of the above territories or any part of them, or grant concessions within those territories to
any foreign Power or to the subjects of any foreign Power,* without the consent of the British
And that he will follow her advice unreservedly provided that it be not damaging to his own interests.
Bin Saud hereby undertakes to keep open within his territories the roads leading to the Holy
Places, and to protect pilgrims on their passage to and from the Holy Places.
* The words “ or the subjects of any foreign Power ” were accidentally omitted in the copies signed
by Sir P. Cox and Bin Saud on the 26th December, 1915. Sir P. Cox drew Bin Saud’s attention to this
omission in a letter dated the 27th December, 1915 (38086/16), and added : “ 1 have duly written them in
the text of the original document which I am submitting to Government, and Government will consider it
in this form ; so that if the same mistake occurs in the copy with you, I trust you will add the words above
About this item
The file contains correspondence, memoranda, maps, and other papers relating to Middle Eastern affairs and a few other miscellaneous matters. The majority of the file concerns discussions of and proposals for the post-war settlement of Near Eastern territories, including Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Syria, Palestine, Iraq, and the Arabian Peninsula. The basis of these discussions was the Sykes-Picot agreement of 1916.
Other matters covered by the papers include events in Siam [Thailand] and Burmah [Myanmar] and the colonial rivalry in the region between France and Britain, the Baghdad Railway, and relations with Ibn Saud in Arabia, including a report on the 1917-18 mission to Najd by Harry St John Philby (folios 67-98).
Folios 99-110 are six maps with accompanying notes that show the various proposed territorial settlements and spheres of influence in the Near East and one showing Britain's global colonial possessions.
Memoranda and correspondence comes from officials at the Foreign Office and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. . Other correspondents include French and Italian government officials.
- Extent and format
- 1 file (110 folios)
The file is arranged in roughly chronological order, from the front to the back.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front of the envelope with 1, and terminates at the inside back last page with 110, these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.
- Written in
- English and French in Latin script View the complete information for this record
Use and share this item
- Share this item
Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, maps and other papers concerning the Middle East [21r] (42/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F112/276, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100084619407.0x00002a> [accessed 7 December 2023]
Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.
<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100084619407.0x00002a">Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, maps and other papers concerning the Middle East [‎21r] (42/220)</a> <a href="https://www.qdl.qa/en/archive/81055/vdc_100084619407.0x00002a"> <img src="https://iiif.qdl.qa/iiif/images/81055/vdc_100000001491.0x00028a/Mss Eur F112_276_0044.jp2/full/!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" /> </a>
Copyright: How to use this content
- Mss Eur F112/276
- Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, maps and other papers concerning the Middle East
- 21r:21v, 48r:48v, 95r:95v
- Usage terms
- The copyright status is unknown. Please contact [email protected] with any information you have regarding this item.