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Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, maps and other papers concerning the Middle East [‎95r] (190/220)

The record is made up of 1 file (110 folios). It was created in 27 Aug 1893-19 Dec 1918. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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In the Name of God the Merciful and Compassionate.
The High British Government on its own part, and Abdul Aziz bin
Abdur Rahman bin Faisal al Saud, Ruler of Najd, El Hasa, Qatif and Jubail,
and the towns and ports belonging to them, on behalf of himself, his heirs
and successors, and tribesmen, being desirous of confirming and strengthen
ing the friendly relations, which have for a long time existed between the
two parties, and with a view to consolidating their respective interests—the
British Government have named and appointed Lieutenant-Col. Sir Percy
Cox, K.C.S.I., K.C.I.E., British Resident in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , as their Pleni
potentiary, to conclude a treaty for this purpose with Abdul Aziz bin Abdur
Rahman bin Faisal al Saud.
The said Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Percy Cox and Abdul Aziz bin Abdur
Rahman bin Faisal al Saud, hereafter known as “ Bin Saud ” have agreed
'upon and concluded the following Articles: —
The British Government do acknowledge and admit that Najd, El Hasa,
1 Qatif and Jubail, and their dependencies and territories, which w r ill be dis
cussed and determined hereafter, and their ports on the shores of the Persian
Gulf are the countries of Ibn Saud and of his fathers before him, and do here
by recognise the said Ibn Saud as the independent Ruler thereof and absolute
■Chief of their tribes, and after him his sons and descendants by inheritance;
but the selection of the individual shall be in accordance with the nomination
(i.e., by the living Ruler) of his successor; but with the proviso that he shall
not be a person antagonistic to the British Government in any respect; such
as, for example, in regard to the terms mentioned in this Treaty.
In the event of aggression by any Foreign Power on the territories of the
countries of the said Ibn Saud and his descendants without reference to the
British Government and without giving her an opportunity of communicating
with Ibn Saud and composing the matter, the British Government will aid
Ibn Saud to such extent and in such a manner as the British Government
after consulting Ibn Saud may consider most effective for protecting his
interests and countries.
. III.
Ibn Saud hereby agrees and promises to refrain from entering into any
correspondence, agreement, or treaty, wuth any Foreign Nation or Power, and
further to give immediate notice to the Political Authorities of the British
Government of any attempt on the part of any other Power to interfere with
the above territories.
Ibn Saud hereby undertakes that he will absolutely not cede, sell, mort
gage, lease, or otherwise dispose of the above territories or any part of them,
or grant concessions within those territories to any Foreign Power, or to the
subjects of any Foreign Power, without the consent of the British Govern
ment. And that he will follow her advice unreservedly provided that it be
not damaging to his own interests.
Ibn Saud hereby undertakes to keep open within his territories, the roads
leading to the Holy Places, and to protect pilgrims on their passage to and from
the Holy Places.
Ibn Saud undertakes, as his fathers did before him, to refrain from all
aggression on, or interference with the territories of Kuwait, Bahrain, and of
the Shaikhs of Qatar and the Oman Coast, who are under the protection of the
British Government and who have treaty relations with the said Government -
and the limits of their territories shall be hereafter determined.

About this item


The file contains correspondence, memoranda, maps, and other papers relating to Middle Eastern affairs and a few other miscellaneous matters. The majority of the file concerns discussions of and proposals for the post-war settlement of Near Eastern territories, including Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Syria, Palestine, Iraq, and the Arabian Peninsula. The basis of these discussions was the Sykes-Picot agreement of 1916.

Other matters covered by the papers include events in Siam [Thailand] and Burmah [Myanmar] and the colonial rivalry in the region between France and Britain, the Baghdad Railway, and relations with Ibn Saud in Arabia, including a report on the 1917-18 mission to Najd by Harry St John Philby (folios 67-98).

Folios 99-110 are six maps with accompanying notes that show the various proposed territorial settlements and spheres of influence in the Near East and one showing Britain's global colonial possessions.

Memoranda and correspondence comes from officials at the Foreign Office and India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. . Other correspondents include French and Italian government officials.

Extent and format
1 file (110 folios)

The file is arranged in roughly chronological order, from the front to the back.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front of the envelope with 1, and terminates at the inside back last page with 110, these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.

Pagination: the file also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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Miscellaneous correspondence, reports, maps and other papers concerning the Middle East [‎95r] (190/220), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, Mss Eur F112/276, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 29 November 2023]

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