Publications, Newspaper Cuttings, Photographs and Correspondence about Persia and the Persian Gulf [4r] (9/879)
The record is made up of 1 file (436 folios). It was created in 14 Oct 1891-Sep 1911. It was written in English, French and German. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .
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V 3 /
Further north from the direction of Costa Alta the Italians are advancing along the "
northern ridge of the plateau in the direction of Cima Undici.
600 prisoners have been taken.
Location of German Units.—According to the statements of a prisoner taken on
the Salonika front, on the 1st June, the whole of the 101st Division and the
122nd Fusilier Regiment of the 105th Division, were in the Vardar area on that date.
There is also a report that the 129th Regiment of the 105th Division left Shumla
for the Salonika front early in June, together with the field artillery and divisional
cavalry of the 105th Division.
It would appear, therefore, that the 21st Regiment (105th Division) at Varna is
the only German unit left on the Bulgarian-Roumanian frontier.
A copy of a telegram, addressed to the General Staff, Berlin, containing the names
of all German military officials in Persia, dated the 9th February, was found at
Kermanshah after the evacuation of that place by the German-Turkish forces.
The list includes 21 persons ranking as officers (of whom most were commissioned
before the war), and 60 others as well as three nurses, total 84.
About half of the above appear to have been engaged in Northern Persia, and with
the exception of three or four captured by the Russians, probably left before the
Russian advance on Kermanshah.
The other half (together with a few Austrian officers and doctors, and some
escaped Austrian prisoners) were the staffs of the various expeditions to Afghanistan
and South Persia. Of these 18 are known to have been captured (11 are in Persian
hands at Shiraz and elsewhere, five are in British hands and two in those of the
Russians). Four were in Afghanistan. This leaves a possible ten Germans, including
the notorious Wassmuss, who are wandering about in South Persia or in Afghanistan.
It is possible that some of these have found their way back through Pusht-i-kuh long
Statements made by Dr. Biach, an Austrian with the German parties in Persia,
who was captured at the end of April, confirm the report of the large sums of money
disbursed by the Germans during their activities in that country.
His estimate amounts to a million and a half sterling; this includes a large amount
of specie brought in through Kermanshah and also the money looted from the various
branches of the Imperial Bank. Each of the attacks on Bushire cost about 6,000/.,
while Dr. Biach’s visit to Persian Baluchistan in a vain attempt to bring about a rising
there cost him 250/. a week.
Their wireless installation at Kerman supplied the Germans with daily war news,
and was working till about the end of February, but since that date Dr. Biach’s party
had been in complete ignorance of events even in Persia.
Very little was known of our dispositions in Eastern Persia, and the German
service of information was bad.
Secretary of State.
Chief of the Staff u
D I D "Admiralty-
F.M.-in-C., G.H.Q. (H.).
General Sir E. Barrow, India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. .
Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, c/o D.I.D.
The Military Attaches of the Allies,
accredited to the Court of St. James.
British Military Attaches abroad.
The Secretary, Committee of Imperial
G.O.C., Force «D."
About this item
The file contains miscellaneous papers, mostly printed publications, newspaper cuttings and photographs, relating to Persia and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .
It includes a few items of correspondence, including letters to George Nathaniel Curzon relating to the Trans-Persian Railway, and Russian influence in Persia, and handwritten notes by Curzon on topics including arms traffic in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and the Trans-Persian Railway.
The file also includes copies of printed publications relating to Persia, including: three pamphlets on Lake Urmi [Urmia] in North West Persia, by Robert Theodore Günther (two of which include duplicate copies of a map of the Lake Urmi Basin, Mss Eur F111/356, f 132); a paper entitled ‘Paper to be read before the Indian Section of the Society of Arts, Thursday, May 8th. 1902. The Past and Present Connection of England with the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. . By Thomas Jewell Bennett.’; and an article from the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (Volume 5, Number 8, August 1909) entitled ‘Some Persian Folk-lore Stories concerning the Ruins of Persepolis.’ by Captain Charles Monk Gibbon, Royal Irish Fusiliers.
It includes in addition: two issues of a French pamphlet entitled Bulletin de l’Union des Associations des Anciens Élèves des Écoles Supérieures de Commerce (Reconnues par l’État) [ Bulletin of the Union of Associations of Former Students of the Higher Schools of Commerce (Recognized by the State) ], dated 20 January and 5 February 1904, which include articles by M E Peschier on the Baghdad Railway; and a German bookseller’s catalogue entitled Indica et Iranica Teilweise aus der Bibliothek von Viggo Fausböll Professor der indischen Sprachen an der Universität Kopenhagen I. Literaturen und Sprachen Indiens und Persiens [ Indica et Iranica Partially from the Library of Viggo Fausboll Professor of Indian Languages at the University of Copenhagen. Literatures and Languages of India and Persia ].
Folios to 250 to 370 of the file mostly consist of cuttings relating to Persia and the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. from various newspapers and other publications, including: The Times , The Morning Post , The Spectator , The Civil & Military Gazette , The Times of India , and The Standard . The cuttings concern topics including: British interests in Persia; the Russian influence in Persia, including the Persian Government signing a concession to a Russian company for the construction of a cart-road between Kazvin, Resht and Enzeli, and Anglo-Russian rivalry in trade with Persia; the cholera epidemic in Persia; and the events of the Persian Constitutional Revolution of 1905-11.
Folios 386 to 433 of the file consist of black and white photographs, including:
- Three photographs in an envelope entitled ‘Photos of Koweit [Kuwait]’, of Mabarak-bin-Subah [Shaikh Mubārak bin Ṣabāḥ Āl Ṣabāḥ], Shaikh of Kuwait, and his youngest son Naser (f 387), the foreshore of Koweit (f 388), and the residence of the Shaikh of Koweit (f 389)
- Two photographs in an envelope labelled ‘Photos by Parkin (assistant at Brit[ish] Resid[ency] Bushire / of Koweit Muscat. Bushire. Sent to me by Col[onel] Meade. April 1899.’ of Seyed Faisal bin Turki [Sayyid Fayṣal bin Turkī Āl Bū Sa‘īd], Sultan of Muscat (f 392), and Seyed Mohamed bin Turki, half-brother of the Sultan of Muscat (f 391)
- A set of photographs of the following: the South entrance of the Governor’s house, Bushire (f 395); the Political Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. and British Consulate, Muskat [Muscat] (f 396); the watch tower on Samana (f 397); Major and Mrs Leigh in Camp in Samana (f 398); Major and Mrs Leigh and Lieutenant Creagh [possibly George Washington Brazier-Creagh] at Mastar [Māster, Persia] (f 399); entrance of Muskat Harbour (f 400); town of Muskat from the harbour (f 401); Fort Jelali, Muskat (f 402); Fort Mahrani [Fort Al-Mirani], Muscat (f 403); and the British Vice Consulate at Mohamerah [Khorramshahr] (f 404)
- Printed images of the following: the British Agency An office of the East India Company and, later, of the British Raj, headed by an agent. , Manamah, Bahrain (f 407); Shaikh Khaz’ al of Muhammareh [Shaikh Khaz‘al bin Jābir bin Mirdāw al-Ka‘bī] (f 408); the view at Haz’-adh-Dhabi, Trucial Oman A name used by Britain from the nineteenth century to 1971 to refer to the present-day United Arab Emirates. (f 409); salt rocks on Qishm Island near Namakdan (f 410); the Hindiyan River near Zaidan (f 411); a parade of British and Persian troops at Rishehr, 1905 (f 412); two views of Muhammerah Town (f 413); a creek near Basrah [Basra] from the Shatt-al-’Arab (f 414); a crowd at Ras-al-Khaimah (f 415); the Foreshore, Kuwait (f 416); the Hanaini well, Bahrain Island (f 417); ancient tumuli, Bahrain Island (f 418); Kumzar (f 419); Lingeh (f 420); the Tis Valley in Persian Makran (f 421); the West end of Masqat Town [Muscat Town] with the Sultan’s Palace and Fort Mirani (f 422); and the Eastern end of Masqat Town, with the British Consulate on the left, and the Sultan’s palace on the right (f 423).
- Extent and format
- 1 file (436 folios)
The folios from folio 4 to folio 251 are arranged in rough chronological order. The newspaper cuttings are mostly between folios 249 and 359, and the photographs are at the rear of the file (folios 386 to 433).
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: the foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 436; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.
- Written in
- English, French and German in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- Mss Eur F111/356
- Publications, Newspaper Cuttings, Photographs and Correspondence about Persia and the Persian Gulf
- front, front-i, 2r:2v, 2ar:2av, 4r:6v, 13r:45v, 162r:179v, 246r:249v, 253r, 307ar, 307r, 307br, 307av, 337ar:337av, 386r:386v, 390r:390v, 393r:393v, 393v:394v, 405r:405v, 424r:424v, 424v, 434r:435v, back-i, back
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