Discerning and Specifying the Circumstances of Revelation of the Noble Hadiīth


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The record is made up of 333 items. It was created in 1911. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the Qatar National Library.

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Al-Bayān wa-al-taʻrīf fī asbāb wurūd al-ḥadīth al-sharīf (Discerning and specifying the circumstances of revelation of the noble hadith) is a textual and contextual interpretation of the hadith (the statements and actions of the Prophet Muhammad), written by Ibrahim ibn Muhammad Kamal al-Din al-Husayni al-Dimashqi (1644 or 1645−1708). Hadith plays an important part in Islam, and the Prophet’s utterances and activities are integral to its scriptural tradition. In the introduction to the work, the author states that in some cases the circumstances of a hadith are clear from the hadith itself, but in others they must be inferred. Hadith of the latter type are the subject of al-Bayan wa-al-ta’rif. The book quotes the hadith, adding commentary about the situational context of each. Selections are drawn from the kutub al-sittah (six canonical collections) recognized by Sunni Muslims. The book takes its place on the small shelf of similar studies by al-‘Ukbari (1143 or 1144−1219), al-Bulqini (1324−1403), and al-Suyuti (circa 1445−1505).  Also known as Ibn Hamzah al-Husayni, Ibrahim ibn Muhammad Kamal al-Din al-Husayni al-Dimashqi was born in Damascus. He traveled to Egypt and the holy cities of Mecca and Medina, where he studied under some 80 teachers. In Cairo he was appointed head of the Ashraf guild (an association of those claiming descent from the Prophet), before he returned to Damascus where he held administrative and judicial positions. This edition of Bayan wa-al-ta’rif was published by Muhammad Tahir al-Rifa’i and printed at al-Baha’ Press in Aleppo in 1911. The two volumes bound as one are organized alphabetically by the first word of the canonical hadith.

Extent and format
333 items
Physical characteristics

2 volumes in one book ; 25 centimeters

Written in
Arabic in Arabic script

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
Qatar National Library
Access conditions


Archive reference

History of this record

1911 (CE, Gregorian)
People & organisations
Ibrāhīm ibn Muḥammad Ibn Ḥamzah

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Discerning and Specifying the Circumstances of Revelation of the Noble Hadiīth, Qatar National Library, 12979, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/qnlhc/12979> [accessed 18 February 2020]

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