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  1. From Persia to Iran: the Politics of the Change of Name and its Impact on the Oil Concession

    ... Valentina Mirabella Archival Specialist, British Library From 1900 to 1933 the Persian Oil Concession was the backdrop to a stand-off between the British and newly-renamed Iran. In 1900, Persian officials offered William Knox D’Arcy, an Englishman, the ch ...

  2. The Second World War Comes to Bahrain

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library An Italian bombing raid brought Bahrain into the Second World War’s ‘zone of operations’, sparking fear amongst Bahrainis and concerns amongst the British over the safety of the islands’ strategic oil ...

  3. Gwadar: the Sultan’s Possession

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library Gwadar was an enclave of the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman for nearly 200 years, but records show that while the Sultans were reluctant to lose sovereignty over the territory, they were nevertheless open ...

  4. Love and Separation in Baghdad: Pesta and Rifi Songs on Shellac Discs

    ... Rolf Killius Curator of Oral and Musical Cultures, British Library Pesta and Rifi Songs, which developed in the twentieth century from Iraqi maqam, became more popular because they were recorded on shellac and broadcast throughout Iraq in the mid-century. ...

  5. Profile: British Baluchistan and Makran

    ... British Library Partnership Team An overview of the key moments from the history of interaction between the British and Baluchistan and Makran, as illustrated through the India Office Records. Baluchistan (or Balochistan) is a historic region of the Asian ...

  6. German Interests in the Gulf’s Pearling Industry

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library Germany’s desire for ‘a place in the sun’ saw her challenge Britain’s commercial dominance in the Gulf in the early years of the twentieth century. At the beginning of the twentieth century, after thr ...

  7. The Indigo Trade in the Gulf in the Nineteenth Century

    ... Dr Mark Hobbs Gulf History Specialist, British Library The shipwreck in 1852 of a merchant vessel off the Oman coast, led to the plunder and loss of enough indigo to supply the entire Gulf region for a year. Human civilisation has manufactured and traded ...

  8. The Coming of the Wireless Telegraph to Bahrain

    ... Martin Woodward Archival Specialist, British Library How a state of the art communications technology arrived in Bahrain in 1916. Before 1916 wireless telegraphy did not exist in Bahrain. Anyone wishing to communicate telegraphically had to send messages ...

  9. Fann Al-Baḥri – The Great Art of the Sea

    ... Rolf Killius Ethnomusicologist, Museum Consultant and Media Producer The extremely difficult and elaborate work of sailing ships and boats for pearl-diving and fishing in the Gulf region was essential in giving birth to a group of the most exciting music ...

  10. Country Profile: Bahrain

    ... British Library Partnership Team An overview of the key moments from the history of interaction between the British and Bahrain, as illustrated through the India Office Records. The Kingdom of Bahrain is an archipelago nation in the Gulf, situated off the ...

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