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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1758] (275/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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real confidence in the strength and resolution of the British Governiaent
could be instilled into the Shaikh, Russian influence would shortly be
found supreme and active at Muhammareh. His recommendations in
favour of a less reserved policy with Shaikh Khaz^al were supported bv
Lord Curzon, Viceroy and Governor-General of India; and eventually
under the authority of His Majesty's Government, the British Minister
on the 7th December 1903 addressed the following letter to the Shaikh.
I was very glad to hear from Haji Eais-ut-Tirjjar of the satisfactory arrangement
concluded between you and the Department of Customs. On general grounds of
policy it is very desirable that differences should as far as possible be avoided between
the Persian authorities and the Arab tribes under your rule. The relations between
the British and Persian Governments are of a friendly character, and the preservation
of the integrity and independence of the Persian monarchy has for many years been
one of the great objects of British policy in this part of the world. Disturbances of a
nature to imperil that object would be a serious evil, and you would gain little and
might endanger much by throwing off the sovereignty of the Shah. I am convinced
that under the present circumstances the Arabs and yourself, as their ruler, have every
interest in cultivating good and loyal relations with the Government of Tehran, and,
that the latter has no desire to oppress you or curtail your authority. For this reason
I think you acted wisely in giving up the idea of forcible resistance to the establish
ment of a Customs house and in seeking rather to come, as I have from the first urged
you to, to a friendly understanding on this subject with the Customs administration.
Haji Eais-ut-Tujjar has asked me on your behalf to what extent you might rely
on the protection of the British Government, and I told him that, so long as you be
haved to us in a friendly manner, our influence would be exerted here to maintain you
and your tribes in the enjoyment of your hereditary rights and customs, and to dis-
suade the Government of Tehran from any endeavour to diminish or interfere witt
them. Haji Eais-ut-Tujjar thereupon said that you were not >fraid of the Persian
Government itself or of attacks by neighbouring tribes acting or pretending to act
under its orders, but that you wished to know whether we should protect you in the
event of an attempt by a foreign Power to depose you or deprive your people of the
rights which they at present possess. This might happen in two ways ; either such
a Power might be at war with Persia and might as an enemy of the Shah send ships
to attack your district, or such a Power, pretending to be the friend of the Persian
Government or to act in its behalf, might attempt also by means of its ships to con
quer you and the Arabs. I replied that both contingencies were extremely unlikely,
but, i£ either were to arise, we should, I believed, interfere, provided you had acted in
accordance with our advice, and our fleet which is the strongest of any in the Persian
Gulf would be employed to prevent any forcible measures against you. I added, how
ever, that I would refer the question to the Foreign Minister of the British Govern-
ment, and he has now authorised me to say that we shall protect Mohammareh
against naval attack by a foreign power, whatever pretext for intervention maybe
alleged ; and also, so long as you remain faithful to the Shah and act in accordance
with our advice, we will continue to give you our good offices and support.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1758] (275/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 1 March 2024]

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