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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎148] (291/1782)

The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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r-J-
Internal state
of Persia
Turkish 'Iraq
and 'Oman.
148
The next dependency lost to Persia was Bahrain, which -was first
attached by Arabs from the mainland in 1782. Reprisals on the
adjacent Arab settlement of Zubarah 18th-century town located 105 km from Doha. were then attempted by the Shaikh
of Bushehr, who was governor under Persia of Bahrain ; but they failed;
and the victorious 'Utub at once crossed over into Bahrain, followed hy a
horde of other Arabs, obliged the Shaikh's garrison to surrender, and took
poi session themselves.
The lease of Bandar 'Abbas and its dependencies was transferred in
17t»4 from a Persian vassal to the Sultanate of 'Oman; and the districts
and islands which it comprised thus came, for practical purposes, under
the jurisdiction of a foreign power.
In Persia disorders and civil war broke out on the death of the Vakil
and were as rife in the Gulf districts as in other parts of the country.
Bushehr was seized and partially plundered in 1779 by the Khan of
Tangistan, who was quickly destroyed in his turn by a combination of
the maritime chiefs between Rig and 'Asalu. In 1780 there was fighting
between the chiefs of Hormuz and Charak, and also between those of
'Asalu and Tahiri. In 1791-92 the Mir of Rig and the Kaan of
Khisht espoused the cause of Lutf 'Ali Khan, the rightful rulei of
Shiraz, and the Shaikh of Bushehr that of his enemies, with the result
that the districts between them became a scene of raids and couutei-
raids.
In Turkish 'Iraq there were one or two rebellions against the Pasha
of Baghdad, and in 1787 the town of Basrah was for some months
usurped and governed by the Shaikh of the Muntafik; but the power of
iSulaiman Pa^ha, the governor, gradually became consolidated ; aud political
conditions were on the whole more stable than in Persia. Some annoyance
was caused by the Ka'ab, from the direction of Persia, in 17S4 and
1791; but a more disquieting feature was the aggressiveness of the
Wahhabis upon the western frontier. In 1784, after about a geneiation
of growth and expansion in Najd, these fanatics first began to maU
themselves felt upon the borders of the Baghdad Pashaliq; and between
1793 and 1795 their raids against Kuwait caused some alarm. By ^
they had conquered a part of Hasa from its Bani Khalid rulers.
The Imamate of 'Oman was broken up in 1793 into three separate
principalities ; but the chief of these, becoming a Sultanate with it s
capital at Masqat, carried on the naval traditions of the Imamate vath
undiminished prestige. The ruler, Saiyid Sultan, was even able to add
the Makran ports of Gwadar and Chahbar to his dominions proper, an-

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Content

Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .

Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:

Extent and format
2 volumes (1624 pages)
Arrangement

Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:

  • Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
  • Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
Written in
English in Latin script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎148] (291/1782), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023575942.0x00005c> [accessed 24 June 2018]

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