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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎11] (28/578)

The record is made up of 1 volume (289 folios). It was created in 1933. It was written in English and French. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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to be followed for the protection of merchants in cases of bankruptcy
and insolvency.
In 1842 Persia concluded a “ perpetual ” treaty with Spain*, under
which Spanish subjects were granted certain extra-territorial privileges.
In 1844 a convention t was signed between Russia and Persia, ex
plaining the 14th article of the Treaty of Turkmanchai, and decreeing
that the subjects of either State crossing the frontier into the territory
of the other must be provided with passports.
In 1845 French merchandise was put on most favoured nation footing.
In 1847 a commercial treaty with France was signed, but in 1849 the
Persian Grovernment formally refused to ratify it.
In 1847 the Persian and Turkish Governments entered into Articles
of Agreement^ confirming the Treaty of Erzerum (Appendix No. \ I)
and undertaking to appoint Commissioners to demarcate the boundary.
Muhammad Shah died in 1848 and was succeeded by his eldest son
In 1848 a Russian hospital for the use of Russians employed in
checking the marauding Turkmans was established by a Royal Farman
at Bandar-i-Gaz on the Persian mainland in the province of Astarabad.
In the same year the British Government, who were making strenuous
exertions to suppress the traffic in African slaves, secured an Engage
ment (No. XY) from the Shah to prohibit the import of slaves into
Persia by sea. So great was the opposition of the priests to the abolition
of the slave traffic, that the Shah did not feel himself strong enough to
prohibit the import of slaves into his dominions absolutely; but, as the
route by land was not practicable, he virtually did so by forbidding
import by sea. In 1851 a Convention (No. XYI) was concluded for the
search and seizure of Persian vessels suspected of being engaged in the
slave trade.
Yar Muhammad Khan of Herat died in 1851, and was succeeded by
his son Saiyid Muhammad Khan. Feeling himself insecure in powder
and threatened by the Amir of Kabul and by Kohahdil Khan from
Kandahar, Saiyid Muhammad Khan made overtures to Persia: and a
force was despatched by the Shah nominally to reduce the Turkmans but
in reality to occupy Herat. The British Envoy at Tehran remonstrated
and required from the Persian Government explicit assurances of the
course they meant to adopt. In January 1853 the Persian Government
signed an Agreement (No. XYII) not to send troops to Herat unless it
should be attacked by a foreign force, and not to interfere further in its
* Appendix No. VIII.
t Appendix No. IX.
| Appendix No. N*

About this item


The volume is the fifth edition of volume 13 of a collection of historic treaties, engagements and sanads (charters) relating to India and its neighbouring countries, namely Persia and Afghanistan. This volume, originally compiled by Charles Umpherston Aitchison, Under Secretary to the Government of India in the Foreign Department, was revised in 1930 and published in 1933 by the Manager of Publications in Delhi, under the authority of the Government of India.

Part 1 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Persia and dating from between 12 April 1763 and 10 May 1929. The treaties refer to: trade agreements; foreign relations; prohibition and suppression of the slave trade; sovereignty and status of Persian regions; frontier negotiations; foreign concessions; telegraph lines. Part 2 of the volume contains treaties and engagements relating to Afghanistan and dating from between 17 June 1809 and 6 May 1930. The treaties relate to: foreign relations; the establishment of boundaries and frontier negotiations; peace treaties; commercial relations; import of arms. A number of appendices follow part 2, which contain the text of treaties relating to both Persia and Afghanistan.

Extent and format
1 volume (289 folios)

The volume is arranged into two parts covering Persia and Afghanistan respectively, as are the appendices at the end of the volume. Each part is divided into a number of chapters, identified by Roman numerals, and arranged chronologically, from the earliest treaties to the most recent. At the beginning of each part is a general introduction to the treaties and engagements that follow.

There is a contents page at the front of the volume (ff 4-8) which lists the geographical regions and treaties. The contents pages refers to the volume’s pagination system. There is a subject index, arranged alphabetically, at the end of the volume (ff 277-87) which also refers to the volume’s pagination system.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The foliation sequence commences at the inside front cover, and terminates at the inside back cover; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio (except for the front cover where the folio number is on the verso The back of a paper sheet or leaf. ).

Pagination: The volume also contains an original printed pagination sequence.

Written in
English and French in Latin script
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‘A collection of treaties, engagements and sanads relating to India and neighbouring countries’ [‎11] (28/578), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/G3/14, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 17 November 2019]

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