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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎71r] (141/508)

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The record is made up of 1 file (252 folios). It was created in 15 Mar 1942-17 Aug 1948. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Subject;- Shaikh ^buullah’s attack upon Failieh,
H.B.M. '.mbassaaor, ‘
Through H. ,, , Government’s Hepresentative, Kuwait.
I have the honour to draw Your excellency’s
attention to the unpleasant incident caused by Officers oi the
Persian Army. Please be assured that inembers of the Khazal
family and particularly myself consider themselves attached
(protected) to (by) the British Government. wVe never have
and never will take any action contrary tp the interests of
H.B.iv. Government. ,e have shown ourselves to be devoted
friends to the Government during our continuous good relations.
The best proof is the forebearance we have shown in face of
the oppressions and the false promises made by the Persian
Government. All our fellow-men have received justice but
this family, who are entitled to receive justice more than
anybody else, still do not know what to do and are in a most
unfortunate position.
Your Excellency must know that if it were not
due to the British Government's political expediency I would
not bear so much oppression but would shed my blood to the
last drop in oruer that the usurped rights of this family
might be secured ana that Arabia might be purged of the
wickedness and oppression of these covetous, despotic officials
of the Persian Government am of the dangerous propagation
(against religion and nationality). I wish the British
authorities concerned would notify their non-interference in
such cases in order that I might physically prove my sayings.
In order to prove my sincerity and loyalty to
the British Government I think it is simply sufficient to point
out that when I returned to my country I prevented the Officers
of the Persian Army (whom I eventually forced to withdraw) from
causing a riot (which would have been against the interests of
the British Government) otherwise the opportunity for revenge
was at hand when the tribes had sworn to make a .general stand
and draw attention of the Arab world to the oppressed state
of the Arabs living in Khuzistan and thus save the Arabs of
that province and. the family of Khazal from the tempestuous sea
of oppression.
In any case, owing to the above facts I let the
opportunity slip by and returned to Iraq. In Basra I
unfortunately noticed that the Iraq flattering officials were
persecuting me. I therefore went to Kuwait where I now live.
On my arrival I reported the details of the case to the
representative of the British Government in Kuwait and am now
^xoGCtin to receive your fatherly instructions in this connection
Sgd/- Ab«,u., I'Ai / hazali

About this item


This file relates to the heirs of Shaikh Khaz‘al [Khaz‘al bin Jabir bin Merdaw Āl Ka‘bī], the late Arab Shaikh of Mohommerah [Khorramshahr], and their requests for British assistance.

The first few items of correspondence concern Shaikh Khaz‘al's eldest son, Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh Chassib bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], who is now living in Iraq and who is reported to have requested permission from the British Embassy at Baghdad to enter Iran (most of the correspondence in this file refers to Iran as Persia), for the purpose of personally pressing his claims to property belonging to his father, which had been sequestered by the late Shah [Reza Shah Pahlavi].

The remainder of the file relates to Shaikh Chassib's brother, Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al [Shaikh ‘Abdullāh bin Khaz‘al Āl Ka‘bī], and his wish to return to live in Persia, apparently peacefully, which is treated with suspicion by British officials. Much of the correspondence discusses whether Shaikh Abdullah, who has taken refuge in Kuwait after an unsuccessful attempt to return to live in Persia, should be given a British pension or an allowance, in order to prevent him from attempting to return to Persia, since it is deemed unlikely that he will receive any compensation from the Persian Government for the loss of his father's property.

Also included in the file are a copy of a document from the Combined Intelligence Centre, Iraq, entitled 'The Sheikhdom of Mohammerah A Short History' and a Foreign Office report entitled 'British Relations with Khazal, Sheikh of Mohammerah'.

The principal correspondents are the following: the Political Agent A mid-ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Agency. , Kuwait; the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. ; the British Consul, Khorramshahr; the India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. ; the Secretary of State for India; the Foreign Office; His Majesty's Ambassador, Tehran; His Majesty's Ambassador, Baghdad; the Ruler of Kuwait, Shaikh Ahmed al Jabir As-Subah [Shaikh Aḥmad al-Jābir Āl Ṣabāḥ]; Shaikh Abdullah bin Khaz‘al.

Extent and format
1 file (252 folios)

The papers are arranged in chronological order from the front to the rear of the file. Circled serial numbers (red for received correspondence; blue/black for issued correspondence) refer to entries in the notes at the rear of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the main foliation sequence (used for referencing) commences at the front cover with 1, and terminates at the inside back cover with 254; these numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio. Additional foliation sequences, one of which is written in pencil and not circled (between ff 3-131 and ff 143-224), and one of which is written in pencil and circled (between ff 1-253), have been superseded and therefore crossed out.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'File 3/8 Affairs of Sh. Khaz`als sons.' [‎71r] (141/508), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/5/178, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 13 July 2024]

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