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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎97r] (198/416)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (203 folios). It was created in 1904-1910. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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fTMl Doameat i* the Property of His Britannic Majesty’s Government.]
[February 15.]
No. 1.
Sir G. Barclay to Sir Edward Grey.—(Received February 15.)
g^ r °* ^ Tehran, January 6, 1909.
’ I HAVE the honour to transmit the accompanying copy of a despatch from His
Maiesty’s Consul-General at Bushire, forwarding copy of a letter addressed by him
to the Sheikh of Mohammerah in pursuance of the instructions issued to him by
Mr. Marling on the receipt of your despatch No. 135 of the 31st July, 1908.
I have, &c.
(Signed) G. BARCLAY.
Inclosure 1 in No. 1.
Consul-General Cox to Sir G. Barclay.
g^° Bushire, December 2, 1908.
WITH reference to Mr. Marling’s despatch No. 1, Shiraz, dated the 22nd August
last, and my ad interim reply No. 6 of the 16th September, 1908, I have the honour
to forward, for your Excellency’s information, a copy of the letter addressed by me
to the Sheikh of Mohammerah in pursuance of the instructions received.
I have, &c.
R. Z. COX, Major, British Resident in the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and His Britannic Majesty's
Consul-General for Ears, 8fc.
Inclosure 2 in No. 1.
Consul-General Cox to Sheikh of Mohammerah.
^ AFTER inquiry after your welfare and congratulations on the satisfactory
conclusion of your business with the Arab tribes, i have t e onoui
that I duly communicated to Government all that passed a ie ^ ,
and our friend Mr. McDouall had with your Excellency on e ", ^ ’
and also placed before them the statement of Government expen i ure 8 9 ^
received from you through Mr. McDouall. The reply of -^ 1S 1 pj® 8 J 8 . » .i
reached me through His Majesty’s Legation in Septembei as ’ u .’, i
importance of the subject and the insecurity of the post, I t long i i y
addressing you until my return to head-quarters. # . . . . i i QTr _ 0 ™ P
On arrival here I learnt of your own absence m Arabistan and have smc
waited for your return to Eailiya. . , , ^
I am directed to repeat, on behalf of His Majesty 8 ??^ ern ^ eI \ Hardino’e
given to your Excellency in the letter of His Majesty s Mims er, n f which
dated the 7th December, 1902, which is in your possession, and the terms of
I repeated to you at our interview above referred to ; and I am mn
Majesty’s Government now extend those assurances to your_successoy|. i x
I am further to point out that His Majesty’s Government have ejaged^to
respect the independence and integrity of Persia, and to explain inoludes the
involves the maintenance of the status quo in that includes the
continuance of the state of autonomy which your Excellency a p Fxe'ellencv
It follows from the above that any external aggression up 7 ^ ^he
would constitute an infringement of Persian integrity, w nc 0
terms of the Anglo-Russian Convention. p in nerson
Trusting to have an opportunity of repeating the foregoing assurances m person
at an early date, I am, &c z OCX, Major, British Resident in the
( g ’ Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and His Britannic Majesty s
Consul-General for Ears, fife.

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The correspondence discusses the situation regarding British assurances to the Sheikh of Mohammerah. The volume includes a description of the Sheikh's perception that, despite his good behaviour towards the British he has not been afforded the support provided to other Arab sheikhs in the Gulf as in Kuwait or Bahrain. Letters include an account of the explanation given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah that Britain recognized Bahrain and Kuwait as independent, in de jure as well as de facto terms; in contrast the British recognized the Shah's sovereignty over Mohammerah.

The correspondence discusses the practicalities of a customs arrangement between the Shah and the Sheikh of Mohammerah mediated by the British. Letters consider the circumstances under which Britain could intervene militarily to protect its interests in the Karun Valley in the event of disorder arising following interference by the Shah.

The correspondence discusses the scope and form of words of the assurance to be given to the Sheikh of Mohammerah and his male descendants, in the event of disorder following from a change in the Persian regime, be it of a royalist, nationalist, or constitutional nature as well as disputes with Bakhtiari khans.

Correspondents include: Shaikh Khazal Khan, Sardar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. -i-Afra, the Shaikh of Mohammerah; The Confidential Agent of the Shaikh of Mohammerah; Major Percy Zachariah Cox, Her Majesty's Consul at Bushire; Sir Edward Grey, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs; Acting Consul of Mohammerah.

Each part includes a divider which gives the subject and part numbers, year the subject file was opened, subject heading, and list of correspondence references contained in that part by year. This is placed at the back of the correspondence.

Extent and format
1 volume (203 folios)

The papers are arranged in approximate chronological order from the rear to the front of the volume. The subject 345 (Mohammerah) consists of two volumes, IOR/L/PS/10/132-133. The volumes are divided into two parts, with each part comprising one volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at the first folio with 1 and terminates at the last folio with 203; these numbers are written in pencil and are located in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. side of each folio.The foliation sequence does not include the front and back covers, nor does it include the one leading flyleaf.

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English in Latin script
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File 345/1908 Pt 1 'Mohammerah: situation. British assurances to Sheikh.' [‎97r] (198/416), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/10/132, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 14 July 2024]

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