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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎9v] (25/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (21 folios). It was created in 28 Oct 1918-1 Nov 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

Transcription

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6
(xii) Should civil claims or criminal complaints be preferred against
a refugee, as sometimes occurs, the following procedure should be observed—
(a) Civil claims—
(i) If the claim is connected with pearling transactions, it should be
referred to the Salifa Court at the place where the transaction
took place.
(ii) If it is an ordinary claim for a loan, &c., it should be referred to a
Civil Court of a Kazi, preferably a Kazi acceptable to both
parties.
In both cases a representative of the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. or Consulate concerned
should be present.
{b) Criminal complaints—
The refugee should first be freed if he or she is entitled to freedom and
then the complaint should be enquired into and settled un
officially, if possible. If this cannot be done, the case should
be referred to a Shera or Consular Court or the local Adliyeh
according to the nationality of the complainant.
In the local court a representative of the Agency An office of the British Government and, earlier, of the East India Company. or Consulate should
be present at the enquiry.
It should be borne in mind, however, that no claim for debt can lie
against a person undoubtedly in state of bonded slavery.
(xiii) In the case of minors released from slavery, both in their own
interests and in order to save expense, the Political^ Agent may at his discretion
consign individuals during the years of their minority to the guardianship of
approved applicants, almost invariably Christians, to be brought up as
domestic servants, the said applicants executing a bond in which they
guarantee to produce their charges whenever required and give such other
undertakings in respect of them as the particular circumstances of the case
may render expedient.
Foreign Office Press—No. 757—14-3-13—50.

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Content

The volume comprises two printed documents. The first is guidelines for the manumission of slaves, printed by the British Government’s Foreign Office Press, and issued to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire. Part one of the guidelines is for the Persian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It outlines the authorities (treaties) for manumission, grounds for manumission, and the procedures for manumission. The second part of the guidelines deals with the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Bahrain, Muscat and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. are dealt with separately.

The second printed document in the file is a set of guidelines for dealing with the various scenarios in which economic disputes might arise between captains, divers and merchants in the pearling industry in the Gulf. The guidelines are for use by British agents and representatives in Bahrain, Kuwait, Bandar-e Lengeh and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The emphasis in the rules is on the honouring of debts as a means to ensuring the financial stability of the pearling industry, and sets out the obligations of divers to their captains, duties of captains to their divers, captains to other captains regarding loans, and captains to their debtors.

Extent and format
1 volume (21 folios)
Arrangement

Two separate printed reports with their own pagination systems, bound together into one file. No chronology.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume is foliated in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The two printed reports that comprise the volume each have their own internal pagination systems.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎9v] (25/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/234, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x00001a> [accessed 6 April 2020]

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