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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎12v] (31/50)

The record is made up of 1 volume (21 folios). It was created in 28 Oct 1918-1 Nov 1918. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.

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RULES REGARDING OBLIGATIONS OF NAKHtJDAS TOWARDS EACH OTHER IN THE MATTER OF SAILLORS' DIVING DEBTS.
C5
Rule 9. Engagement by Nakhudas The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. of indebted sailors ;
responsibility for their debts. See, also Rule
10.
Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. A wishes to or has engaged sailor B ; NaJchuda
C already has a diving claim against B.
A cannot engage B unless lie arranges with C to pay up
B's debts either at once or by instalments, and C
agrees.
A. engages B without informing C. B is not provided with
a " harwah " from C.
A must surrender B, and B is bound to dive with C.
A has failed to inform C, or to pay up C's claim; B in
consequence has been drawing advances from A and C.
(1) If B finally goes to A, A must pay up C's claim against
B.
(2) If B finally stays with C, C is not under obligation
to repay A's advance to B, if it was made without
his knowledge, and A must make his own arrange
ment with B to get paid his claim, but without dis
turbing C's diving arrangements.
Bahrain Note :—
" B must have a ' barwah ' and that if B has no debt,
he should have a ' barwah khalawi
Bahrain Note :—
" (a) It must be proved that A was aware that B was
previously indebted to C ".
" (6) After B has cleared his debt to C he must
work for A and also clear that debt ".
" (c) C should not make fresh advances to B without
A's knowledge
Kuwait Note :—
" B takes two advances, one from Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. A and one
from Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. C, and neither Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. is aware
of B's fraud.
" On discovery of the fraud either Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. may
retain B by paying up the other's claim on
B. If however a ' barwah' has been issued
which B did not produce, the Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. who
issued the ' barwah ' takes sailor B and pays
up the other Nakhuda The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat. 's claim on him .
" B takes several such advances from several Nakhudas The (usually Arab) captain or master of a local boat.
A a fraudulently being already indebted to C
" On discovery C takes back B without paying any of
the claims of Aa, who should have been more
careful in engaging B. Aa can make their own
arrangements with B, but without disturbing
C's diving arrangements

About this item

Content

The volume comprises two printed documents. The first is guidelines for the manumission of slaves, printed by the British Government’s Foreign Office Press, and issued to the Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. at Bushire. Part one of the guidelines is for the Persian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . It outlines the authorities (treaties) for manumission, grounds for manumission, and the procedures for manumission. The second part of the guidelines deals with the Arabian shore of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . Bahrain, Muscat and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. are dealt with separately.

The second printed document in the file is a set of guidelines for dealing with the various scenarios in which economic disputes might arise between captains, divers and merchants in the pearling industry in the Gulf. The guidelines are for use by British agents and representatives in Bahrain, Kuwait, Bandar-e Lengeh and the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. . The emphasis in the rules is on the honouring of debts as a means to ensuring the financial stability of the pearling industry, and sets out the obligations of divers to their captains, duties of captains to their divers, captains to other captains regarding loans, and captains to their debtors.

Extent and format
1 volume (21 folios)
Arrangement

Two separate printed reports with their own pagination systems, bound together into one file. No chronology.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: The volume is foliated in the top-right corner of each recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. . The two printed reports that comprise the volume each have their own internal pagination systems.

Written in
English in Latin script
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‘File 5/201 Manumission of slaves and rules relating to cases arising out of the pearling industry’ [‎12v] (31/50), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/234, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023399489.0x000020> [accessed 6 April 2020]

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