Skip to item: of 62
Information about this record Back to top
Open in Universal viewer
Open in Mirador IIIF viewer

'Die zwischen Muna und ‘Arafah gelegene Pilgerstation Muzdal’fah'. Photographer: al-Sayyid ʻAbd al-Ghaffār [‎12r] (1/1)

The record is made up of 1 collotype print. It was created in 1886-1889. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Visual Arts.

About this item


Genre/Subject Matter:

This landscape view shows ‘the pilgrims’ station, Muzdal’fah, situated between Muna (Mina) and ‘Arafah’. Muzdal’fah is a station of the hadj, where pilgrims camp gather on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah , as can be seen in this image.

Here pilgrims pray, perform wuquf (standing before God) and may collect stones for the stoning of the Jamarat at Mina (Muna). Left of centre, along the horizon, a lone white-washed structure, featuring a minaret, appears to be the only building on the plain. Just below the horizon, groups of people and trains of camels to the right and left of the image are visible. A group stands with their backs to the camera in the foreground. Either mist or over-exposure has rendered the horizon blurry. In the far distance ridges of hills are visible, however.

The negative has had hand-work applied, creating a drawing-like quality, particularly in the background and around the three figures to the left in the foreground.

Arabic script written directly into the image has been erased subtly, but is visible upon close inspection in the lower centre of the image as well as in the central sky area of the image.


Above image, on the right, in ink: ‘XII’

Temporal Context:

According to Durkje van der Wal in his publication Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje: The First Western Photographer in Mecca, 1884-1885 (Amsterdam : Manfred & Hanna Heiting Fund, Rijksmuseum, 2011, pp. 43-51), the photographs in this publication that pertain to the hadj (this image included) likely date to August 1888 since this was the period of the last hadj before February 1889, the date Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje received the final consignment of images.

Extent and format
1 collotype print
Physical characteristics


190 x 245 mm


Collotype print, pasted into volume


The print is in good condition with minor surface dirt and light abrasions throughout.





Written in
Arabic in Arabic script
View the complete information for this record

Use and share this item

Share this item
Cite this item in your research

'Die zwischen Muna und ‘Arafah gelegene Pilgerstation Muzdal’fah'. Photographer: al-Sayyid ʻAbd al-Ghaffār [‎12r] (1/1), British Library: Visual Arts, X463/13, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 March 2024]

Link to this item
Embed this item

Copy and paste the code below into your web page where you would like to embed the image.

<meta charset="utf-8"><a href="">'Die zwischen Muna und ‘Arafah gelegene Pilgerstation Muzdal’fah'. Photographer: al-Sayyid ʻAbd al-Ghaffār [&lrm;12r] (1/1)</a>
<a href="">
	<img src="!280,240/0/default.jpg" alt="" />
IIIF details

This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it. in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images

Use and reuse
Download this image