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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1760] (277/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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I communicated the account of what had passed between His Highness and
myself to Lord Lansdowne, who has now instructed me to make the following
declaration to your Excellency for the information of the Persian Government and
with a view of making our position in this matter perfectly elear :
(1) The British Government has never doubted the absolute character of the
Shah's sovereignty over the territory, ruler, and people of Mohammareh. Any
suspicion which the Persian Government may have been led to entertain that we
sought to establish any analogy between the position of the Sheikh of Mohammareh
and that of the Sheikhs of Bahrein or Koweit or to distingaish between it and that of 1
other Persian Governors, such for instance, to cite. Your Excellency's own illustra-
tion in conversation with Mr. des Graz, as the Chief of Kucban, can only have been j
suggested by persons desirous of sowing distrust betw^ea the two friendly States. 1
We recognise in the fullest manner that His Excellency the Sirdar Leader of a tribe or a polity; also refers to a military rank or title given to a commander of an army or division. Arfa is a Persian I
subject and a servant of His Imperial Majesty the Shah.
(2) At the same time the important interests which Great Britain possesses in
the south of Persia preclude us from viewing with indifference any changes in the 1
system of Government in the province of Arabistan, which by causing trouble among
the Arab tribes may endanger our trade and the security of foreign subjects, or afford
occasion for interference by other powers and thus oblige us, on our side, to take
active steps for the protection of British rights.
But it must again reserve its light, in the event of further changes which it could
not view with equal approbation, to make friendly representations with regard to I
them to the Persian Government, and if need be, take such other ulterior steps as j
it may deem requisite for the protection of British interests, both political and
commercial, should these in its opinion be threatened. It is glad, however, to take He 1
opportunity of expressing its confidence in the friendly assarances which His High- j
ness the Atabeg has renewed to it, and which on its side it is happy to reciprocate
These observations were not resented by the Mushir-ud-Dauleh,
who replied on the 13th January 1903 to the British Minister:
I have had the pleasure of receiving your Excellency's letter of the 9th (and 6tli) j
January last, and have with satisfaction made myself acquainted with the contents
which Sigoify the sincere friendship between the two Governments, and I would now
express my own heartfelt satisfaction at the friendly assurances exchanged between
the two Powers : and I trust that the harmony and sincerity which have for so long
existed between the two Powers may be still further strengthened, and that th°e
friendly feelings between the authorities of both powers may, as always, tend to an
increased amity.
In December 1903 Sir A. Hardinge, who had then recently parted
from Lord Curzon, the Viceroy and Governor-General of India, in the
Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , and who was returning to Tehran Muha.n naroh and

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎1760] (277/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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