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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2219] (736/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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extreme ; but there is reason to think that deep wells in the town basin
would provide abundant water. 0£ two wells which exist one yields
sweet, and the other slightly brackish water.
In the littoral district of Batinah, from Masqat westwards to the Batinah.
Ruus-al-Jibal promontory^ good water is obtainable everywhere by
digging wells ; especially in the neighbourhood of limestone hills of the
'Oman series.
The high; rocky, barren promontory of Ruus-al-Jibal^ dividing the Ruus-al-
Gul£ of'Oman from the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. proper, is waterless; almost no Jibal.
rain falls, and there is no probability of artesian wells being discovered.
On the western side of the Ruus-al-Jibal promontory, along the coast Tmcial
of Trucial 'Oman, wells yield good water; and it is probable that in most 'Oman,
places an abundant supply would be struck at 100 feet or less.
The copious springs of Bahrain and Qatif are derived, without doubt, Bahrain
from the highlands of Central Arabia. In the Bahrain islands great an( l Q^tif.
irregularity is observed in the quality of the water; and of two wells
sunk only a few yards apart one may yield brackish water and the other
The water supply of places in the deltaic tract of the Shatt-al- - 'Arab Turkish
and Kariin is good and plentiful. ^raq and
Along the Persian coast as far to the south-east as the commencement Persian coast,
of the Hormuz salt formation, that is to say at Bushehr and all other north-
places west of 52 o 40' of longitude, wells are dug and generally yield we8t . eni
abundant water. The water is contained in the porous, horizontally sect i on '
stratified conglomerates of littoral or fluviatile origin which cover
the whole plain between the hills and the sea, and it is believed to
be held ap by clays and marls of Miocene and Pliocene age; it is derived
from the rainfall of the lofty Pliocene hills inland of the coast. The
water of Bushehr is drunk by natives, but in Europeans it is found to
produce serious gastric disturbances; the prejudicial impurities may
possibly be derived from basal gypsum beds of the Miocene series
through which the water has passed., otherwise their presence is without
obvious explanation.
The Persian coast and islands to the east of longitude 52 o 40' are Persian
generally destitute of potable water, for the salt formation of the Hormuz coast, south-
series, even when not visible, is not far beneath the surface, and the east . ern
water from wells is consequently salt and undrinkable. These remarks sectl011,
apply to the coast between Bandar 5 Abbas and Lingeh and to some dis
tance beyond them upon either side. The inhabitants of the tract in
question are dependent on surface rain water collected in Birkehs or reser
voirs j but, the rainfall being small, this source of supply is precarious^
and the quality also often leaves much to be desired.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2219] (736/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 8 December 2023]

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