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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2298] (815/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Date produc- In Najd or Central Arabia, especially in Southern Najd, the date
date adein ^ 0U1 ^ s ^ es p n a considerable scale; the groves of Wadi A seasonal or intermittent watercourse, or the valley in which it flows. Hanifah
Najd. are ^ ame( ^ ^ or their size and luxuriance, and in the district of Hautah
the trees are usually fine and prolific, a single palm there—it is* said-
sometimes yielding as much as 14,000 lbs. weight of fruit in a season.
In the Aflaj district the plantations are extensive but thin.
In Qasim a certain surplus of dates is produced; at ^Anaizah, the
principal market, they sometimes sell at 30 lbs. to the dollar. There
is generally some exportation to Jabal Shammar, and in exceptional
years dates are even exported to Madinah.
In Jabal Shammar, though dates are numerous in places, production
hardly appears to equal consumption. The valleys of Jabal Aja and
Jabal Salmah contain numerous plantations, owned to a considerable
extent by Bedouins; the groves in the "'Aqdah amphitheatre alone, in
the former range, are believed to aggregate 75,000 trees. In the Taimah
Oasis some of the palms are 90 feet high and are said to be 200 years
old ; the produce generally is excellent. At Jauf-al-^Amir some 15 kinds
of date are grown, among them the Hilwah a juicy, luscious
variety, which is found also at Taimah. At Kahifah, on the Qasim
border, the best kind of date is the Fankhah , which is large
and yellow.
Turkish Iraq.
Dates are one of the most important products of Turkish ; Iraq;
they are grown chiefly on the banks of the Shatt-al-^Arab both above
and below Basrah, on a stretch of the Euphrates extending 30 miles
downwards from Hillah Town, in the neighbourhoods of Karbala and
Najaf, and about Baghdad City. The palm belts which extend along
both banks of the Shatt-al-'Arab have a depth of half a mile to two
miles and are estimated to contain about 1,900,000 trees on both banks
and on the islands between Basrah and Muhammareh, and about 250,000
trees on the right bank only below Muhammareh. In the Hillah Gadna
there are about 330,000 palms; in that of Karbala about 750,000, 01
which some 50,000 belong to the Shifathah oasis; and in that of Na3 a
about 250,000, of which perhaps 170,000 are situated in the Kuta
Nahiyah on the banks of the Shatt-al-Hindiyah. Most of the dates ex
ported from ^Iraq are grown near Basrah, the best being the kinds known
as Halawi and Khadhrawi , while other miscellaneous
# The statement seems incredible ; it is from a native source.
'fssSL... 1 - 4r
Date produc
tion in Tur
kish 'Iraq.

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2298] (815/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 5 December 2023]

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