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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2344] (861/1262)

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The record is made up of 1 volume (1165 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English and Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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'Amarah on the Tigris, which is the ordinary centre of collection for
exportation. A number are marched from this region up the Tigris to
Musal and so to Syria^ and the ultimate destination of a proportion of
those so exported is Egypt. The cattle of Persian Mafaan, like the
other animals^ are small.
Buffaloes, in the region of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , are hardly found outside
the marshy districts of Turkish ■'Iraq and 'Arabistan; there are a few
in Persian Makran, but they are small. The buffaloes of ^Iraq are of
excellent quality, and among them those owned by the Al Bu Muham
mad tribe have high reputation. Numbers are collected at 'Amarali^
on the northern border of the Al Bu Muhammad country, and are
marched by the Tigris line to Musal, and thence to Syria, for disposal
In ^Arabistan buffaloes are confined, as already mentioned, to the
moister tracts ; the majority are consequently found in the districts of
Fallahiyeh and Hawizeh, and in parts of Dizful and Hindiyah districts.
In this province buffaloes are used for ploughing as well as for other
Sheep and goats.
Sheep and
goats in
Sheep and
goats in
Sheep ir
Both sheep and goats are found in considerable quantities in all the
countries adjoining the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. .
The sheep, in ^Oman, occur mostly in the possession of Bedouins or
among the inhabitants of hilly tracts, while goats are general; in Qatar
the sheep and goats belonging to the settled population are tended by
Bedouins, and there is some exportation of both to Bahrain; in Bahrain
only about 500 sheep and 700 goats are kept, but there is a large
importation by butchers from Persia and Hasa and a small one from
Qatar and Kuwait,—so many as 14,000 sheep and goats being brought
over from Persia, and 2,000 from Hasa, in the year.
On the Arabian side of the Gulf, sheep are most numerous and of the
best quality in Najd; they belong to a special breed yielding a fine^woo,
and they are distinguished, outside their own country, as " Nijad
Among the Harb tribe the sheep are generally black. Among t e
Mutair both the sheep or Dhan and the goat or Ma'az )** sell at
$4 to $6 per head, the price of females being higher than that of males.
In Turkish ^Iraq also the sheep are fat-tailed and of excellent
quality, the mutton being almost equal to that of Europe; those of the
Bani Lam tribe are highly reputed. There is some exportation of sheep
from Turkish Iraq to Syria ; it takes place viti the Tigris line and Musal

About this item


This volume is Volume I, Part II (Historical) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.

Part II contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914, 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (pags v-viii), and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (ix-cxxx). These are also found in Volume I, Part IA of the Gazetteer (IOR/L/PS/20/C91/1).

Part II consists of three chapters:

  • 'Chapter X. History of ’Arabistān' (pages 1625-1775);
  • 'Chapter XI. History of the Persian Coast and Islands' (pages 1776-2149);
  • 'Chapter XII. History of Persian Makrān' (pages 2150-2203).

The chapters are followed by nineteen appendices:

Extent and format
1 volume (1165 pages)

Volume I, Part II is arranged into chapters that are sub-divided into numbered periods covering, for example, the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The appendices are sub-divided into lettered subject headings and also contain numbered annexures, as well as charts. Both the chapters and appendices have further subject headings that appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally througout the volume at the bottom of the page which provide further details and references. A 'Detailed Table of Contents' for Part II and the Appendices is on pages cii-cxxx.

Physical characteristics

The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. It begins on the first folio with text, on number 879, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 1503.

Written in
English and Arabic in Latin and Arabic script
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'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part II. J G Lorimer. 1915' [‎2344] (861/1262), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/L/PS/20/C91/2, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 December 2023]

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