'Vierte Ansicht der Stadt Mekka'. Photographer: al-Sayyid ʻAbd al-Ghaffār


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The record is made up of 1 collotype print. It was created in 1886-1889. It was written in Arabic. The original is part of the British Library: Visual Arts.

About this record


Genre/Subject Matter

This image shows the city of Mecca from an elevated position due east of the Masjid al-Haram, or Grand Mosque. Parts of the city due north of the Masjid al-Haram are visible in the middleground.

A large two-storey, fortified building is situated immediately below the horizon on the foothills of the northern ridge, to the far left of the image: this is the same building noted in X463/4.

A sloping bank of scree make up the lower right foreground and middleground, while in the distant background a chain of hills is visible.

This is the fourth of four photographs taken from the same vantage point, which form a panoramic view over the city of Mecca. The first, second and third are X463/2, X463/3 and X463/4 respectively.

The negative has had hand-work applied, creating a drawing-like quality in places.


Above image, on the right, in ink: ‘V’

Lower centre and upper centre: illegible, partially erased Arabic script

Extent and format
1 collotype print
Physical characteristics


189 x 243 mm


Collotype print, pasted into volume


The print is in good condition with minor surface dirt and light abrasions, though no surface losses in the lower right of centre.





Written in
Arabic in Arabic script

Archive information for this record

Access & Reference

Original held at
British Library: Visual Arts
Access conditions


Archive reference

History of this record

1886-1889 (CE, Gregorian)

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'Vierte Ansicht der Stadt Mekka'. Photographer: al-Sayyid ʻAbd al-Ghaffār, British Library: Visual Arts, X463/5, in Qatar Digital Library <https://www.qdl.qa/archive/81055/vdc_100023514790.0x000008> [accessed 5 March 2024]

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This record has a IIIF manifest available as follows. If you have a compatible viewer you can drag the icon to load it.https://www.qdl.qa/en/iiif/81055/vdc_100022564627.0x000001/manifestOpen in Universal viewerOpen in Mirador viewerMore options for embedding images