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'A Collection of Treaties and Engagements relating to the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman in force up to the End of 1953' [‎20v] (42/92)

The record is made up of 1 volume (44 folios). It was created in c 1954. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers Documents collected in a private capacity. .


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Shaikh Abdullah bin Rashid , May 1 1847.
Abu Dhabi—
Shaikh Said bin Tahnun , May 8 1847.
No. 3
Perpetual Maritime Truce, dated May 4, 1853
We, whose seals are hereunto affixed. Sheikh Sultan bin Suggur, Chie^ot
Rass-ool-Kheimah, Sheikh Saeed bm Tahnoon, Rashed Chief of
Sheikh Saeed bin Butye, Chief of Debay Sheikh Ham d bin Rashed Chiet ot
Fitnan Sheikh Abdoola bin Rashed, Chief of Umm-ool-Keiweyn, naving
experienced for a series of years the benefits and advantages resultHig rw
maritime truce contracted amongst ourselves under the ' 0 r "
in the Persian Gulf The historical term used to describe the body of water between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. and renewed from time to
being fullv imoressed therefore, with a sense of the evil consequence lo y
arSng frU thf prosecution of our feuds at sea, whereby our subjects and
dependants were prevented from carrying on the pearl fisheryinsecuntyandwere
exposed to interruption and molestation when passing on the r lawful occasions
accordingly we, as aforesaid have determined, for ourselves, our heirs and
successors, to conclude together a lasting and inviolable peace from this time forth
in perpetuity and do hereby agree to bind ourselves down to observe the following
conditions; —
Article 1.
That from this date, viz., 25th Rujjub 1269, 4th May 1853, and hereafter,
there shall be a complete cessation of hostilities at sea between our respective
subjects and dependants, and a perfect maritime truce shall endure between
ourselves and between our successors, respectively, for evermore.
Article 2.
That in the event (which God forbid) of any of our subjects or dependants
committing an act of aggression at sea upon the lives or property of those of
of the parties to this agreement, we will immediately punish the assailants and
proceed to afford full redress upon the same being brought to our notice.
Article 3.
That in the event of an act of aggression being committed at sea by any of
those who are subscribers with us to this engagement upon any of our subjects
or dependants, we will not proceed immediately to retaliate, but will inform the
British Resident or the Commodore at Bassidore, who will forthwith take the
necessary steps for obtaining reparation for the injury inflicted, provided that its
occurrence can be satisfactorily proved.
We further agree that the maintenance of the peace now concluded amongst
us shall be watched over by the British Government, who will take steps to ensure
at all times the due observance of the above Articles, and God of this is the best
witness and guarantee.
Adoolla bin Rashed,
Chief of Ummool Keiweyn.
Hamed bin Rashed,
Chief of Ejman.
Saeed bin Butye,
Chief of Debay.
Saeed bin Tahnoon,
Chief of the Beniyas.
Sultan bin Suggar,
Chief of the Joasmees.
Approved by the Governor-General in Council on 24th August 1853.

About this item


The volume consists of the following Foreign Office document: 19127, marked 'For Official Use only'.

The volume is divided into sections containing transcripts of treaties and engagements relating to Bahrain; Kuwait; Qatar; Trucial States A name used by Britain from the nineteenth century to 1971 to refer to the present-day United Arab Emirates. ; Muscat; and miscellaneous. The earliest treaties recorded date from 1820.

Extent and format
1 volume (44 folios)

There is a list of contents at the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover and terminates at 45 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and can be found in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. An original printed pagination sequence is also present in the volume. Foliation anomaly: ff. 10, 10A. The following folio needs to be folded out: f. 39.

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English in Latin script
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'A Collection of Treaties and Engagements relating to the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman in force up to the End of 1953' [‎20v] (42/92), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/738, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 10 December 2023]

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