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'A Collection of Treaties and Engagements relating to the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman in force up to the End of 1953' [‎21r] (43/92)

The record is made up of 1 volume (44 folios). It was created in c 1954. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.


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No. 4
Further Engagement for the Suppression of the Slave Trade, dated
M ay 22^ 1856—
See No. 3, Bahrain
A similar engagement was entered into by the Shaikhs of Ras A1 Khaimah
and Sharjah, Dubai, Ajman, Umm-al-Qaiwain and Abu Dhabi.
No. 5
Additional Article to the Maritime truce providing for the Protection of
the Telegraph Line and Stations, dated 1864
Whereas, under date 25th Rujjub 1269 (4th May 1853), we, Chief of the Joas-
mees, Chief of the Beniyas, Chief of Ummool Keiweyn, Chief of Ejman, Chief of
Debay, did agree to a perpetual Treaty of Peace at Sea, and whereby our vessels
have been respected and our commerce increased; and whereas the British
Government, in the further interests of commerce and of the general peace, are
preparing telegraphic lines and stations at various points in or near the Persian
Gulf, we do hereby engage for ourselves, our heirs and successors, to respect and
abstain from all and every interference with the said telegraphic operations that
may be carried on by the said British Government in or near our territory.
And in the event (which God forbid) of any of our subjects or dependents
committing an act of aggression or trespass on the said telegraphic lines and
stations or other telegraphic material, we will immediately punish the offender and
proceed to afford full redress upon the same being brought to our notice.
The telegraphic line being intended for the common good, our subjects and
dependants shall be permitted to send messages by the telegraph at such rates of
payment as may be paid by British subjects.
No. 6
Mutual Agreement Entered into by the Trucial Coast The historic term used by the British to refer to the Gulf coast of Trucial Oman, now called United Arab Emirates. Rulers about
Absconding Debtors, dated June 24, 1879
Since it is to the interest of all the Trucial Chiefs to combine mutually for
the prevention of their subjects absconding for fraud from one territory and taking
asylum in another especially as regards divers and sailors. On this account we,
whose seals and signatures are attached to this document, hereby agree and bind
ourselves in the presence of Haji Abul Cassim, Residency A diplomatic office of the British Government established in the provinces and regions considered part of, or under the influence of, British India. Munshi A secretary or political assistant working in the British administration in the Gulf, often also providing linguistic interpretation. , specially deputed
for giving effect to this object, and Haji Abdur Rahman, Government Agent, to
give aid in every way possible in preventing such runaways from obtaining aid
or asylum in our countries.
Therefore, in accordance with this agreement, we consent—
1st.—In the event of a runaway seeking refuge in our territories, whether
by sea or land, to consider it our duty to at once restore him to the Chief from
whose jurisdiction he may have absconded.
2nd.—In the event of its being proved that a runaway is protected by any Chief,
and not delivered up, or his liability accepted when demanded by the Government
Agent, such Chief shall be liable to a fine of 50 dollars in addition to all just claims
proven against such runaway.
3rd.—Further, if the Chief harbouring such runaway refuse to deliver him
up, or accept his liability when demanded by the Government Agent, and permit
him to proceed to the pearl banks in pursuance of his vocation, such Chief shall
be liable to a fine of 100 dollars in addition to all just proven claims against the
4th.—When facts are disputed, a council of arbitration (mejlis) will be con
vened, at which the Government Agent will preside, the disputing parties and all
the Trucial Chiefs sending delegates, or if they wish, attending themselves. The
decision of the council to be binding only when confirmed by Her Britannic
Majesty's Political Resident A senior ranking political representative (equivalent to a Consul General) from the diplomatic corps of the Government of India or one of its subordinate provincial governments, in charge of a Political Residency. in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. .

About this item


The volume consists of the following Foreign Office document: 19127, marked 'For Official Use only'.

The volume is divided into sections containing transcripts of treaties and engagements relating to Bahrain; Kuwait; Qatar; Trucial States; Muscat; and miscellaneous. The earliest treaties recorded date from 1820.

Extent and format
1 volume (44 folios)

There is a list of contents at the front of the volume.

Physical characteristics

Foliation: the foliation sequence commences at 1 on the front cover and terminates at 45 on the back cover. These numbers are written in pencil, are circled, and can be found in the top right hand corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. page of each folio. An original printed pagination sequence is also present in the volume. Foliation anomaly: ff. 10, 10A. The following folio needs to be folded out: f. 39.

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English in Latin script
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'A Collection of Treaties and Engagements relating to the Persian Gulf Shaikhdoms and the Sultanate of Muscat and Oman in force up to the End of 1953' [‎21r] (43/92), British Library: India Office Records and Private Papers, IOR/R/15/1/738, in Qatar Digital Library <> [accessed 4 July 2020]

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