'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'  (196/1782)
The record is made up of 2 volumes (1624 pages). It was created in 1915. It was written in English. The original is part of the British Library: India Office The department of the British Government to which the Government of India reported between 1858 and 1947. The successor to the Court of Directors. Records and Private Papers.
This transcription is created automatically. It may contain errors.
was made ; was couched in the most insulting terms and required
restitution and payment of compensation hy the Company. Subse-
quently, however, a grant of liberty to trade in the Mughal dominions,
described in the language of the day as a Hasb-al-Hukm, was obtained
from the Emperor, by whom also some compensation was promised
for the injuries suffered by the Company ; and, though the English
had failed 111 their project of establishing territorial bases, it was con-
sideied that they had succeeded in rehabilitating to some extent their
No sooner, however, had this settlement taken place, than the relations Friction
of the Company—and indeed of the English nation—with the Mughals English Sd
began to be disturbed by the depredations of European and Arab pirates, the Mughals,
for which the Emperor proposed to hold all the English, Dutch and proceedings,
French in India jointly accountable ; and, in the years following, the European
position of the English in India was further compromised by the pirates! 161 ^
wars with France, in 1688-97 * and 1702-12, and by the internecine 1691-1705.
struggle, from 1699 to 1702, between their own Old and New Companies.
The first case of piracy seems to have occurred in 1691 ; it was attributed
to an English ship, and an embargo was placed on all European
shipping at Surat ; one of the pirates, however, was subsequently
captured and proved to be a Dane. In or about 1696 two fresh
piracies were committed on Mughal vessels by a ship under English
colours ; this led to the confinement of the English at Surat and to
an embargo being placed on the trade of the English, the French and
the Dutch, with the design of compelling the European powers to combine
for the suppression of piracy by their fellow-countrymen. Soon
afterwards another piracy occurred, on this occasion in the Persian
Gulf, with the result that the English Factors at Surat, except those
of the highest rank, were put in irons by the native authorities and
remained in custody for a considerable time. In 1696 European piracy
was rife in Indian seas ; even ships from America, fitted out at New
York, were now engaged in it. In 1698 an agreement was reached
by the principal European nations in India, whereby the police of
<f Southern" Indian waters devolved on the English, the Dutch were
made responsible for the Bed Sea, and the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. was assigned
to the French, whose East India Company, founded in 1664, had maintained
a Factory at Bandar 'Abbas at least since 1677 ; ^his arrangement,
however, seems to have been still-born. In 1699 Sir John Gayer
* In 1692 one of the Company's ships was captured by the French within 50
leagues of Bombay.
About this item
Theses two volumes make up Volume I, Part IA and Part IB (Historical) (pages i-778 and 779-1624) of the Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. , ’Omān and Central Arabia (Government of India: 1915), compiled by John Gordon Lorimer and completed for press by Captain L Birdwood.
Part 1A contains an 'Introduction' (pages i-iii) written by Birdwood in Simla, dated 10 October 1914. There is also a 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Tables' (page v-viii) and 'Detailed Table of Contents' (pages ix-cxxx), both of which cover all volumes and parts of the Gazetteer .
Parts IA and IB consist of nine chapters:
- 'Chapter I. General History of the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. Region' (Part IA, pages 1-396);
- 'Chapter II. History of the ’Omān Sultanate' (Part IA, pages 397-629);
- 'Chapter III. History of Trucial ’Omān' (Part IA, page 630-Part IB, page 786);
- 'Chapter IV. History of Qatar' (Part IB, pages 787-835);
- 'Chapter V. History of Bahrain' (Part IB, pages 836-946);
- 'Chapter VI. History of Hasa' (Part IB, pages 947-999);
- 'Chapter VII. History of Kuwait' (Part 1B, pages 1000-1050);
- 'Chapter VIII. History of Najd or Central Arabia' (Part 1B, pages 1051-1178);
- 'Chapter IX. History of Turkish ’Iraq' (Part 1B, pages 1179-1624).
- Extent and format
- 2 volumes (1624 pages)
Volume I, Part I has been divided into two bound volumes (1A and 1B) for ease of binding. Part 1A contains an 'Introduction', 'Table of Chapters, Annexures, Appendices and Genealogical Trees' and 'Detailed Table of Contents'. The content is arranged into nine chapters, with accompanying annexures, that relate to specific geographic regions in the Persian Gulf Historically used by the British to refer to the sea area between the Arabian Peninsula and Iran. Often referred to as The Gulf or the Arabian Gulf. . The chapters are sub-divided into numbered periods according, for example, to the reign of a ruler or regime of a Viceroy, or are arbitrarily based on outstanding land-marks in the history of the region. Each period has been sub-divided into subject headings, each of which has been lettered. The annexures focus on a specific place or historical event. Further subject headings also appear in the right and left margins of the page. Footnotes appear occasionally at the bottom of the page to provide further details and references.
- Physical characteristics
Foliation: The foliation sequence is circled in pencil, in the top right corner of the recto The front of a sheet of paper or leaf, often abbreviated to 'r'. of each folio. The sequence runs through parts IA and IB as follows:
- Volume I, Part IA: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 1, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 456. Total number of folios: 456. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 460.
- Volume I, Part IB: The sequence begins on the first folio with text, on number 457, and ends on the last folio with text, on number 878. It should be noted that folio 488 is followed by folio 488A. Total number of folios: 423. Total number of folios including covers and flysheets: 427.
- Written in
- English in Latin script View the complete information for this record
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- 'Gazetteer of the Persian Gulf. Vol I. Historical. Part IA & IB. J G Lorimer. 1915'
- front, back, spine, edge, head, tail, front-i, i-r:iii-v, 1:130, 1:778, iv-r:iv-v, back-i, front-a, back-a, spine-a, edge-a, head-a, tail-a, front-a-i, v-r:v-v, 779:1098, 1131:1146, 1099:1130, 1147:1484, 1489:1496, 1485:1488, 1497:1624, vi-r:vi-v, back-a-i
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